Social assistance targeting in Uganda

Implications for social cohesion in communities

Agatha Ninsiima, 16, a student at Nyabugando Baptist Vocational College in Mpondwe, Kasese District, embraces the reusable sanitary pads she received from UNICEF Uganda.


This study aims to provide a better understanding of social assistance targeting, with the intention of providing evidence for policymakers and practitioners to enhance their targeting effectiveness for optimal impact of interventions regarding social cohesion outcomes. The case of Uganda is highly relevant in the context of this research because of the wide array of targeting approaches across the country’s various social protection programmes as well as the social and macro-economic context defined by shocks and limited resources. This context has implications for the choice of social protection targeting mechanisms and social cohesion outcomes.

The report is guided and structured according to three key objectives, namely:

  • Mapping the major social assistance targeting mechanisms in Uganda;
  • Evaluating the implications of each targeting mechanism for social cohesion in Uganda; and
  • Sharing key learnings from each targeting approach and key policy recommendations to enhance the effectiveness and social cohesion outcomes of social protection programmes.
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Patrick Llewellin; Erëblina Elezaj; Mariam Sene; Míriam Carrera Manzano
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