Investing in water, sanitation, and hygiene

Uganda budget brief | Financial year 2023/24

A mother helps her child wash her hands with water off an outdoor tap at Madudu Health Centre III in Mubende District. The tap is part of a solar-powered water system donated and installed at the health facility by UNICEF to foster sanitation, hygiene and accessibility to clean and safe water for patients and medical staff at the health facility.


This budget brief analyses the extent to which the 2023/24 National Budget responds to the needs of the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) sector. The brief delves deeper into the size and composition of government spending on WASH. The analysis is based on an in-depth review of National budget Documents, specifically the Annual Budget Performance Reports and the approved budgets. The government switched to program-based budgeting starting 2021/22, with WASH budget spread across various programmes in­cluding Human Capital Development and agroindustrialization. However, most WASH votes fall under Natural Resources, Environment, Climate Change, Land and Water.

However, this analysis does not focus on natural resources, the environment, or climate change; it only focuses on water for production or agriculture purposes, water for human consumption, and any expenditures associated with management, distribution, and disposal.

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United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) Uganda
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