Ebola is a killer disease, which presents with high fever and bleeding tendencies. Sometimes it may present with more non-specific symptoms like in the Bundibugyo epidemic.
It is very infectious, kills in a short time BUT can be prevented.
What are the signs and symptoms of Ebola?
- Abdominal pain
- Measles like rash
- Red eyes
- Bleeding from body openings may or may not be present
How is it spread?
- Ebola is spread through direct physical contact with body fluids like blood, saliva, stool, vomitus, urine, and sweat of an infected person and soiled linen used by a patient.
- Splashing of body fluids from an infected person into the eyes of another person.
- It can also be spread through using skin piercing instruments that have been used by an infected person.
- The Virus can also be got through contact with persons who have died of Ebola.
- The virus can also be got through eating dead animals especially monkeys that died of Ebola.
How can it be prevented?
- Avoid direct contact with body fluids of a person suffering from Ebola by using protective materials like gloves, goggles, and masks.
- Disinfect the beddings and clothing of an infected person with JIK.
- Persons suspected to be suffering from Ebola should be taken to the nearest health unit immediately for proper management.
- Persons who have died of Ebola must be handled using strong protective wear and buried immediately; avoid feasting and funerals should take a short time.
- Report any suspected cases of Ebola to the nearest health unit immediately.
- Wash your hands with soap and water after handling a patient or the body of a person who has died of Ebola.
- Avoid communal washing of hands during funeral rites.
- Avoid eating dead animals especially monkeys.