Ebola Virus Disease

What you need to know

ebola prevention
UNICEF Uganda/2019/Bongyereirwe

Ebola is a killer disease, which presents with high fever and bleeding tendencies. Sometimes it may present with more non-specific symptoms like in the Bundibugyo epidemic.

It is very infectious, kills in a short time BUT can be prevented.

What are the signs and symptoms of Ebola?

  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Headache
  • Measles like rash
  • Red eyes
  • Bleeding from body openings may or may not be present

How is it spread?

  • Ebola is spread through direct physical contact with body fluids like blood, saliva, stool, vomitus, urine, and sweat of an infected person and soiled linen used by a patient.
  • Splashing of body fluids from an infected person into the eyes of another person.
  • It can also be spread through using skin piercing instruments that have been used by an infected person.
  • The Virus can also be got through contact with persons who have died of Ebola.
  • The virus can also be got through eating dead animals especially monkeys that died of Ebola.

How can it be prevented?

  • Avoid direct contact with body fluids of a person suffering from Ebola by using protective materials like gloves, goggles, and masks.
  • Disinfect the beddings and clothing of an infected person with JIK.
  • Persons suspected to be suffering from Ebola should be taken to the nearest health unit immediately for proper management.
  • Persons who have died of Ebola must be handled using strong protective wear and buried immediately; avoid feasting and funerals should take a short time.
  • Report any suspected cases of Ebola to the nearest health unit immediately.
  • Wash your hands with soap and water after handling a patient or the body of a person who has died of Ebola.
  • Avoid communal washing of hands during funeral rites.
  • Avoid eating dead animals especially monkeys.