Water and Sanitation




© UNICEF Turkmenistan/2004/Pirozzi
Safe water and hygienic practices are essential for health

According to a number of sources, between 80% and 90% of Turkmenistan is desert.  Water quality is variable, with inadequate access to potable water and sanitary hygiene services in both schools and in homes. 

Current technical solutions designed to tackle the problem of water, sanitation and hygiene do not take into account the varied geographical conditions and traditional practices within the country. Practically speaking, there is a need to design plumbing technologies capable of withstanding sometimes extreme weather conditions.  A further obstacle is that the structure for decision-making and execution of WES projects is fragmented, resulting in delays in implementation.  There is a need to identify and establish partnerships with the government so that when an appropriate design is ready, implementation will proceed efficiently and rapidly.

Increased access to sustainable community water supplies and hygiene education to ensure that water consumption remains safe represent UNICEF’s approach.  Provision of safe water supply and sanitary facilities, particularly in schools, and promoting hygiene education in basic schools, health facilities and at the community level are the main focus of UNICEF’s Water and Sanitation programme in Turkmenistan. 

This project contributes to both UNICEF programmes in health and education.



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