COVID-19 ‘biggest global crisis for children in our 75-year history’ – UNICEF
On its 75th anniversary, UNICEF warns that COVID-19 is rolling back virtually every measure of progress for children, including a staggering 100 million more children plunged into poverty
NEW YORK, 9 December 2021 – COVID-19 has affected children at an unprecedented scale, making it the worst crisis for children UNICEF has seen in its 75-year history, the United Nations Children’s agency said in a report released today.
The report Preventing a lost decade: Urgent action to reverse the devastating impact of COVID-19 on children and young people highlights the various ways in which COVID-19 is challenging decades of progress on key childhood challenges such as poverty, health, access to education, nutrition, child protection and mental well-being. It warns that, almost two years into the pandemic, the widespread impact of COVID-19 continues to deepen, increasing poverty, entrenching inequality and threatening the rights of children at previously unseen levels.
The report says a staggering 100 million additional children are estimated to now be living in multidimensional poverty because of the pandemic, a 10 per cent increase since 2019. This corresponds to approximately 1.8 children every second since mid-March, 2020. Further, the report warns of a long path toward regaining lost ground – even in a best-case scenario, it will take seven to eight years to recover and return to pre-COVID child poverty levels.
Citing further evidence of backsliding, the report says that around 60 million more children are now in monetary poor households compared to prior to the pandemic. In addition, in 2020, over 23 million children missed out on essential vaccines – an increase of nearly 4 million from 2019, and the highest number in 11 years. The report notes:
- At its peak, more than 1.5 billion students were out of school due to nationwide shutdowns. Schools were closed worldwide for almost 80 per cent of the in-person instruction in the first year of the crisis.
- Mental health conditions affect more than 13 per cent of adolescents aged 10–19 worldwide. By October 2020, the pandemic had disrupted or halted critical mental health services in 93 per cent of countries worldwide
- Up to 10 million additional child marriages can occur before the end of the decade as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The number of children in child labour has risen to 160 million worldwide – an increase of 8.4 million children in the last four years. An additional 9 million children are at risk of being pushed into child labour by the end of 2022 as a result of the increase in poverty triggered by the pandemic.
- At the peak of the pandemic, 1.8 billion children lived in the 104 countries where violence prevention and response services were seriously disrupted.
- 50 million children suffer from wasting, the most life-threatening form of malnutrition, and this figure could increase by 9 million by 2022 due to the pandemic’s impact on children’s diets, nutrition services and feeding practices.
Beyond the pandemic, the report warns of other threats to children that pose extreme threats to their rights. Globally, 426 million children – nearly 1 in 5 – live in conflict zones that are becoming more intense and taking heavier toll on civilians, disproportionately affecting children. Women and girls are at the highest risk of conflict-related sexual violence. Eighty per cent of all humanitarian needs are driven by conflict. Likewise, approximately 1 billion children – nearly half of the world’s children – live in countries that are at an ‘extremely high-risk’ from the impacts of climate change.
To respond, recover and reimagine the future for every child, UNICEF continues to call for:
- Investing in social protection, human capital and spending for an inclusive and resilient recovery;
- Ending the pandemic and reversing the alarming rollback in child health and nutrition – including through leveraging UNICEF’s vital role in COVID-19 vaccine distribution;
- Building back stronger by ensuring quality education, protection and good mental health for every child;
- Building resilience to better prevent, respond to, and protect children from crises – including new approaches to end famines, protect children from climate change, and reimagine disaster spending.
The situation in Turkey:
Turkey has activated a national response plan including a range of measures to reduce infections, save lives and respond to socioeconomic needs of the most vulnerable families during the early days of the pandemic. Nonetheless children in Turkey, like the rest of the children in the world, have faced some key challenges related to child wellbeing.
The education of 19 million students was partially disrupted due to school closures. This academic year children are returned back to face-to-face education, with over 850,000 Syrian and other refugee children having enrolled in schools. Despite the huge progress that was made over the years, around 400,000 out of school refugee children are at heightened risk of isolation, discrimination, child labour and child marriage especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. UNICEF works closely with Government and civil society partners to ensure that all children will have access to quality formal and non-formal education.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had deep and far-reaching socio-economic effects, beyond its direct health impacts, on already vulnerable populations, including refugees. According to TURKSTAT 2020 figures, in Turkey, 32 percent of children are living in poor households, and 34 percent are experiencing various types of material deprivation. The pandemic is likely to be exacerbating this situation and creating new challenges for the children, putting them at greater risk of poverty. The economic constraints may push children to abandon school for child labour. UNICEF works with the Ministry of Family and Social Services and the Ministry of Labour and Social Security to strengthen social protection systems under the Turkey’s 11th National Development Plan, which sets important targets for strengthening and integrating social protection and social services for children including refugees and most vulnerable groups.
In 2021, UNICEF in partnership with Government and civil society, continued to focus on mitigating the impact of the COVID-19 on children and their families, ensuring access to essential services. Towards this end, UNICEF works to expand multi-sectoral programming with municipalities, improve coverage and care for the most vulnerable children, and strengthen national actors' capacity.
Notes to editors:
Download the report here