Glossary: R -- T

Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry Turkish Statistical Institute (Turkstat)
The State Institute of Statistics (SIS) was officially renamed as the Republic of Turkey Prime Ministry Turkish Statistical Institute (Turkstat) in 2006. Türkçe
Richter Scale, The (RS)
Noting that seismic waves radiated by all earthquakes can provide good estimates of their magnitudes, Dr Charles Francis Richter (1900-1985) developed the Richter Scale (RS) to measure the seismic energy released by an earthquake. Table 1 shows the typical effects of earthquakes in various magnitude ranges on the scale. Although each earthquake has a unique magnitude, its effects will vary greatly according to distance, ground conditions, construction standards and other factors. Türkçe
Table 1: Earthquake Severity
Richter magnitudes Earthquake effects
Less than 3.5 Generally not felt, but recorded.
3.5-5.4 Often felt, but rarely causes damage.
Under 6.0 At most slight damage to well-designed buildings. Can cause major damage to poorly constructed buildings over small regions.
6.1-6.9 Can be destructive in areas up to about 100 kilometres across where people live.
7.0-7.9 A major earthquake that can cause serious damage over larger areas.
8 or greater A great earthquake that can cause serious damage in areas several hundred kilometres across.
Say Yes for Children Campaign, The
Initiated by the GMFC, the campaign motivates governments, private and public entities and individuals to endorse an action plan, based on the CRC and the WSC. Say Yes for Children prioritises ten points in it’s action plan to improve conditions and ensure the well-being of children and young people the world over. Türkçe
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)
Most STDs can be completely cured. Symptoms may include painful urination, a discharge, smell, a rash or sores on the sex organs. Medical advice, checkups and treatment should be sought from a doctor or health worker. Türkçe
Social Services and Child Protection Agency, The (SHÇEK)
SHÇEK, the coordinating agency for implementation of the CRC in Turkey, launched a Children’s Rights Campaign in 2000 to mark the tenth anniversary of the signing of the CRC, in cooperation with UNICEF and various Government Ministries. One of the events in the campaign was the First Children’s Forum, attended by children from different social backgrounds, including children with disabilities, children working as apprentices and children living or working in the street. Türkçe
Social Risk Mitigation Loan Project, The (SRMP)
The World Bank’s Social Risk Mitigation Loan Project is designed to alleviate the impact of the recent economic crisis in Turkey on poor households, and improve their capacity to withstand such risks in the future. One element of the SRML takes the form of Conditional Cash Transfers or grants (CCT), to finance an expanded social safety net, targeted to the poorest six percent families with children, with the proviso of positive family behavioural change with respect to education and health. The SYDTF is the implementing agency for SRMP. Türkçe
Social Solidarity and Assistance Fund, The (SYDTF)
The Social Solidarity and Assistance Fund (Sosyal Yardımlaşma ve Dayanışmayı Teşvik Fonu or SYDTF) was established under Act number 3294 in 1986. The main purpose of the SYDTF is to reduce income disparity, support low-income sections of the community, develop social policy, strengthen the social welfare system and so reinforce social stability. The second article of the Constitution stresses the formation of the SYDTF under the principle of a ‘Social State’ which is to fulfil the obligation to support those of low-income and the elderly. Türkçe
Southeastern Anatolia Project, The (GAP)
The Southeastern Anatolia Project (Güneydoğu Anadolu Projesi or GAP) is a multi-sectoral regional development project focusing on the provinces of Adıyaman, Batman, Diyarbakır, Gaziantep, Kilis, Mardin, Siirt, Şanlıurfa and Şırnak. The GAP Project began in the 1970’s with irrigation and hydro-electric energy production schemes on the Euphrates and Tigris rivers but expanded to a more far-reaching sustainable development programme during the following decade. The region suffers serious problems regarding access to health services and education -- especially for girls in rural areas. IMR and MMR are high -- as are rates of population growth and also unemployment, which are well above the national average. The GAP Project aims to address these issues through a policy of sustainable development based on participation, equality and fairness. Türkçe
State Institute of Statistics, The (SIS)
The State Institute of Statistics (SIS) is a technical and scientific institute which produces publications to fulfill Turkey's information needs on social, economic and cultural subjects. SIS collects and compiles data and finally presents information to its users according to the highest international standards. The SIS research library is the only library of its kind in Turkey. Established in 1964, the library has a permanent statistical archive, copies of all SIS publications as well as statistical publications from other countries and international institutions. SIS was renamed Turkstat in 2006. Türkçe
State of the World’s Children, The (SOWC)
The State of the World’s Children is UNICEF’s annual flagship publication. It is the most comprehensive survey of global trends affecting children. In addition to analysis of major issues, it provides a complete almanac of up-to-date statistical data on children. Türkçe
Turkish Demographic Health Survey (TDHS)
Turkey’s first Demographic Health Survey (TDHS) was conducted in 1968 with the objective of providing demographic information in order to assess changes to the population structure. Since then, a new survey has been conducted every five years. The latest TDHS, conducted in 2003, can be accessed on the Hacettepe University web site. Türkçe
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