Glossary: K -- N

Millennium Declaration (MD)
In September 2000, the largest ever gathering of Heads of State ushered in the new millennium by adopting the UN Millennium Declaration. By adopting the original declaration in 2000, world leaders affirmed their faith in the Organisation and its Charter as indispensable foundations of a more peaceful, prosperous and just world. The Millennium Declaration, endorsed by 189 countries, was then translated into a roadmap setting out eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to be reached by 2015. Türkçe
Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)
WHO describes the global issue of maternal mortality as …a neglected and socially unjustifiable tragedy … For every death among women, there are 10 more who are left with morbidities of various kinds that may have life-long crippling effects which the women endure in silence. It is very rightly stated that maternal mortality is only the tip of the iceberg of maternal morbidity and women’s suffering. HDR calculates the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) per 100,000 live births. Türkçe
Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS)
Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) are used by UNICEF to help countries monitor progress towards internationally-agreed goals. As the deadline for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) draws closer, MICS will facilitate the collection and analysis of information on some 20 of the 48 indicators, offering the largest single source of data for monitoring MDGs. MICS are typically carried out by government organisations, with support and technical assistance from UNICEF and other partners. The surveys help countries fill data gaps in monitoring human development in general, and the situation of children and women in particular. Türkçe
Millennium Development Goals, The (MDGs)
At the United Nations Millennium Summit in September 2000, world leaders agreed to a set of measurable, time-bound targets known as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to address crippling poverty and its devastating consequences. Each of the goals is critical to development but two of them -- universal education and gender equality -- are considered central to all others. The MDGs are targeted for achievement by the year 2015. The MDGs are not a charitable enterprise but a moral imperative. Türkçe
Ministry of Agriculture and Village Works, The (MOA)
The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) has reorganised and restructured itself, updating management procedures and techniques with a view to becoming more effective, functional and productive. The Ministry aims to take full advantage of the latest technological and scientific developments in this new century. The MoA has worked closely with UNICEF Turkey in the development of CFS. Türkçe
Ministry of Health, The (MOH)
The Ministry of Health (MOH) is responsible for the regulation and coordination of all health services throughout Turkey. MOH works in close partnership with UNICEF and various NGOs in the provision of preventative medical care such as salt iodisation, IMCI and the EPI programme which aims to eliminate Measles, Polio, Tuberculosis, Diptheria, Pertussis, Tetanus and Hepatitis B. Although EPI activities are a priority, MOH also develops and manages new programmes for the control of infectious diseases not included in EPI. Türkçe
Ministry of National Education, The (MONE)
The Ministry of National Education (MONE) and UNICEF Turkey are long term partners working closely together for the benefit of Turkish children. The general remit of MONE is to plan, implement, monitor and control education and training services targeted at teachers and students at all levels in educational institutions, to open pre-primary, primary, secondary and all kinds of formal and non-formal education institutions and to meet the accommodation and nutrition requirements of and to give financial support to young people in higher education. Türkçe
Net Attendance Ratio (NAR)
The number of pupils in the official age group for a given level of education who attend school in that level, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age group. Türkçe
Net Enrolment/Attendance Ratio (NE/AR)
The primary net enrolment/attendance ratio (NE/AR) is the proportion of primary-school-age children who are enrolled in or attending primary school. Enrolment is reported by countries through administrative records on education; attendance is reported through household surveys. Primary school age is defined at country level. Türkçe
Non-governmental Organisation (NGO)
Writing for the forthcoming UNESCO Encyclopaedia of Life Support Systems, Peter Willetts, Professor of Global Politics at the City University, London, defines a non-governmental organisation or NGO as: …an independent voluntary association of people acting together on a continuous basis, for some common purpose, other than achieving government office, making money or illegal activities. The term was coined by the UN in 1945 in order to differentiate in its Charter between participation rights for inter-governmental specialised agencies and those for international private organisations. While many diverse types of bodies are now described as being NGOs, there is no generally accepted definition and the term carries different connotations in different circumstances. Türkçe
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