Glossary: H -- J

Haydi Kızlar Okula!
Haydi Kızlar Okula! (Let’s go to school, girls!) is the girls’ education campaign in Turkey. Led by MONE and UNICEF, this massive inter-sectoral campaign mobilises various organisations, agencies and individuals in a drive to increase enrolment rates for girls and achieve gender parity in primary education attendance by 2005. In order to achieve this, Haydi Kızlar Okula! focuses on the fifty-three provinces with the lowest enrolment rates for girls. Türkçe
Human Development Report, The (HDR)
The Human Development Report (HDR) is an independent report commissioned by the UNDP and published annually. The HDR was first launched in 1990 with the single goal of putting people back at the centre of the development process in terms of economic debate, policy and advocacy. The goal was both massive and simple, with far-ranging implications: to go beyond income to assess the level of people’s long-term well-being and bring about development of the people, by the people, and for the people, emphasising that the goals of development are choices and freedoms. Türkçe
Human Immune Deficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
HIV is a virus -- the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Illnesses caused by a virus cannot be cured by antibiotics although medicines may help to reduce the symptoms. When a person is infected with HIV, he or she is said to be HIV Positive. Eventually the infected person will develop AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). Symptoms of AIDS include weight-loss, persistent severe diarrhoea, fever or pneumonia and skin cancer (Kaposi’s Sarcoma). Türkçe
Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI)
WHO describes Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses (IMCI) as an integrated approach to child health that focuses on the well-being of the ‘whole’ child. IMCI aims to reduce death, illness and disability, and to promote improved growth and development among children under 5 years of age. IMCI includes both preventive and curative elements that are implemented by families and communities as well as by health facilities. The approach ensures the combined treatment of the major childhood illnesses, emphasising prevention of disease through immunisation and improved nutrition. Türkçe
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
HDR defines the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) as the probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age, expressed per 1,000 live births. Türkçe
International Labour Organisation, The (ILO)
The International Labour Organisation is the United Nations specialised agency which seeks the promotion of social justice and internationally recognised human and labour rights. The ILO was founded in 1919 and is the only surviving major creation of the Treaty of Versailles which brought the League of Nations into being. The ILO became the first specialised agency of the United Nations in 1946. Türkçe
Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD)
Iodine Deficiency is the world’s most prevalent -- yet easily preventable -- cause of brain damage, according to WHO. Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) jeopardize children’s mental health -- often their very lives. IDDs start before birth. Serious iodine deficiency during pregnancy may result in stillbirths, abortions and congenital abnormalities … However, of far greater global and economic significance is IDD’s less visible, yet more pervasive, level of mental impairment that lowers intellectual prowess at home, at school and at work. Türkçe
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was created by the United Nations in 1945 to help promote the health of the world economy. Headquartered in Washington DC, it is governed by and accountable to the governments of the 184 countries that make up its near-global membership. The IMF seeks to promote economic stability and prevent crises; to help resolve crises when they do occur; and to promote growth and alleviate poverty. The IMF employs three main functions -- surveillance, technical assistance, and lending -- to meet these objectives. Türkçe
Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, The (UNAIDS)
The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), is the main advocate for global action on the pandemic. UNAIDS leads, strengthens and supports an expanded response aimed at preventing transmission of HIV. UNAIDS provides care and support, reduces the vulnerability of individuals and communities to HIV/AIDS, and alleviates the impact of the pandemic. Türkçe
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