As the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spreads, so is misinformation. Knowing the facts is key to being properly prepared and protecting yourself and your loved ones against the virus.
Test how much you know about the virus and please help us tackle misinformation by sharing this quiz with your family, friends and colleagues.
1. How is the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) transmitted?
□ Respitory droplets through coughing and sneezing
□ Touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching your face
2. Can I catch the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) from my pet?
3. What are the best ways to protect yourself from catching the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?
□ Wash hands frequently using soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub
□ Avoid close contact with anyone who has cold or flu-like symptoms
□ Avoid touching your face
□ All of them
4. Who does the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) affect?
□ Older people
□ Younger people
□ Every one
5. What percentage alcohol in hand rubs and disinfectants is needed to kill the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?
6. Is there a vaccine or a specific medicine to prevent or treat the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?
7. For how long should you wash your hands to kill the coronavirus disease (COVID-19)?
□ 5 seconds
□ 15 seconds
□ 20 seconds
8. Is the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) the same as the flu?
9. Can the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) be transmitted in both hot and cold temperatures?
10. Can letters, products and packages be contaminated by the coronavirus (COVID-19) virus?
1. Both. The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets of an infected person (through coughing and sneezing), and by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching your mouth, nose, eyes.
2. No. There is no evidence to date that pets such as cats and dogs can spread the virus that causes COVID-19.
3. All of them. And we should all help limit the spread of the disease by seeking medical care early if we have symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath). We should stay at home while we have symptoms, avoiding going to public places to prevent spreading to others. Cough or sneeze into our elbow or tissue, dispose of used tissues immediately and wash your hands right after.
4. Everyone. People of all ages can be infected by the virus and should take precautions to protect themselves, washing hands often with soap and water. Older people, and anyone with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, heart disease among others) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.
5. Hand sanitizer or alcohol rub to clean surfaces should contain at least 60% alcohol to be effective.
6. No. There are not yet any vaccines or specific medicines that can prevent or cure the virus. Scientists are working on developing a vaccine. However, it’s important to remember that many of the symptoms of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) can be treated and getting early care from a healthcare provider can improve outcomes. Most patients recover with supportive care.
7. At least 20 seconds - about the length of time it takes to sing the “happy birthday” song twice. Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially before eating; after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing; and going to the bathroom.
8. No. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the flu (influenza) are different infectious diseases, caused by different viruses. While they are both respiratory illnesses spread in a similar way (respiratory droplets), and can have similar symptoms (fever, cough, shortness of breath), other characteristics are different. For example, unlike for COVID-19, there is a vaccine for influenza – and it’s currently flu season in the Northern Hemisphere. So, it’s important to prevent influenza (and prevent symptoms that could be mistaken for COVID-19) by getting the flu vaccine, in addition to keeping up to date with other vaccinations.
9. Yes. The virus is being transmitted in places with both hot and cold temperatures. It is not yet known whether seasonal weather and temperature changes will impact the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Some other viruses, such as those causing the common cold and flu, spread more during cold weather months, but it is still possible to become sick with these viruses during warmer months. However, we do know that cold weather and snow alone cannot kill the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). And taking a hot bath will also not prevent you from catching the virus!
10. Yes. If you are living in an area where there is local transmission of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), it is important to exercise appropriate precautions when handling any object or surface that has been touched by other people, as it could be contaminated by the virus. Clean the surface of the package with a disinfectant/disinfecting wipes before handling or opening the package, and dispose of the packaging into a waste bin with a lid. Wash your hands with soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand rub immediately afterwards. To find out about the spread of the virus in areas where you live, regularly check for updates from your national and local health authorities.