Globally, conditional cash transfers in education are widely utilized social policy tools aiming to facilitate enrolment and regular attendance to education. In return of their children’sregular attendance to school, families receive a payment. The transfer value usually depends on age, gender and grade of the student.
Turkey has a successful Conditional Cash Transfers for Education (CCTE) since 2003. Millions of families and children have benefited from the National CCTE for more than 15 years. In 2017, under the partnership of the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Services, the Ministry of National Education, Turkish Red Crescent and UNICEF, the National CCTE Programme was extended to cover school-age refugee children residing in Turkey under temporary/international protection. The programme is funded by the European Union, and governments of Norway and the US.
The eligibility rules and transfer values that are applied to Turkish children in the national CCTE also apply to Syrian and other refugee beneficiaries in the CCTE for Refugees. The families receive cash support every two months through Kızılaycard on the condition that the child has attended school regularly (at least 80%) in the preceding school months.
Students enrolled in Turkish public schools,temporary education centres, and Accelerated Learning Programs are all eligible to benefit from the programme.
CCTE for Refugees has cash and child protection components. Through its cash transfer component, the programme aims to alleviate the financial difficulties which constitute one of the main barriers to the participation of refugee children in education. It is implemented in all provinces. Through its child protection component, protection services are provided by specialised outreach teams to families whose children have stopped receiving the CCTE payments due to lack of sufficient attendance (missing 4 or more days of school in a month). A risk assessment is carried out by the Turkish Red Crescent outreach case workers and, if needed, children and their families are referred to the relevant services and supported in accessing them. The child protection component of the CCTE programme, which is implemented in 15 provinces with the highest number of refugees, helps to mitigate child protection risks which are closely intertwined with economic vulnerabilities.