About This Web Site: Layout and Content

Layout and design of pages follows UNICEF global branding characteristics for style, giving maximum consideration to legibility with the minimum of interference from graphic devices or scripts. Users are advised to explore the content as it is served before resorting to the use of personal style sheets.

There are two basic UNICEF Turkey page styles: blue title pages or section headers and white content pages. Apart from the extra visual cue that this distinction provides, all pages on the web site follow the same layout pattern with minor differences in the case of forms. The Hand in Hand with Children section is characterised by green title pages where the background of the main heading is red and pale yellow content pages where the background of the main heading is green. Non-sighted users are advised to check the title element at the very top of the window for orientation.

Page layout

The standard layout pattern is as follows:

  • Banner including the ‘lock-up’ of UNICEF logo and tagline;
  • Main Navigation Menu;
  • Page content or the main body of text;
  • Relative links to the previous and next pages;
  • Today’s date (rendered with JavaScript);
  • Search Engine;
  • Latest Headlines (rendered with JavaScript);
  • Local links for the relevant section or group of pages;
  • Favourites bookmark (JavaScript) and RSS Subscription link;
  • A message from UNICEF Turkey (rendered with JavaScript);
  • An appendix of auxiliary links at the foot of the page.

Text size

Mark-up uses relative units of ems that allow for enlargement of text size without visual cramping of textflow. Headings follow logical structure so that user agents can parse an accurate outline if required.


Where we have used images, these have been presented in quite large formats. A photograph or illustration serves no useful purpose if it is no bigger than a postage stamp. Our designers also point out that small images, being difficult to view, constitute an accessibility issue. All images have been optimised to consume the minimum bandwidth when downloading. If bandwidth is an issue, images are provided with descriptive alternative text so the layout remains intelligible with images turned off.


Except for the presentation of tabular data, tables have not been used to control the placing or arrangement of text and graphics. Where tables are necessary, they have been designed to be as brief as possible, using the minimum number of columns to convey information. A summary has been provided for each table to help users of assistive technologies such as Braille or speech readers decide whether or not the content will be of interest. The identifying text in a column heading should be repeated before the contents of each cell in that column in order to help listeners keep track.

Tables are never nested.

Acronyms and abbreviations

Structural acronym tags have been used where appropriate. With the exception of this section, acronym tags throughout the content of UNICEF Turkey have also been anchored to short glossary descriptions of the subject.

For a full description of acronym usage on UNICEF Turkey, see: Introduction to the Glossary Section.

RSS Feeds

There are currently two RSS Feeds on UNICEF Turkey -- English and Turkish versions of the latest updates.

An RSS feed provides a simple structured list of links that can be harvested by news aggregators or news reader programmes. Users can then follow updates to any number of different web sites without having to visit them individually.

RSS stands for Really Simple Syndication or RDF Site Summary, depending upon the version in question. UNICEF Turkey uses version 1.0 where RSS means RDF (Resource Description Framework) Site Summary. RDF is a recommendation of the W3C.

There are a number of ways to access RSS feeds. The most common method is to install an aggregator that displays RSS feeds from web sites selected by the user. Many RSS aggregators are available to download and install for free or at little or no cost from various sources on the Internet.

Setting up an RSS feed differs from one news aggregator programme to another but it usually involves copying the URL of the feed from the web page and pasting it into the aggregator. The URL for an RSS feed from this web site is located by right-clicking the orange RSS button next to the ‘How to use RSS Feeds’ link. Then choose ‘Copy shortcut’ or ‘Copy link address/location’ and paste this into the news aggregator.

A good alternative to using news aggregators or news reader programmes is offered to users of the Firefox browser which accesses RSS feeds as ‘Live Bookmarks’. Firefox will display an orange button in the bottom right corner of the browser window when an RSS feed is available. Visitors to UNICEF Turkey will find this on the Home Page. To add the RSS feed to Firefox:

  • click the orange button;
  • then click on the ’Subscribe to RSS’ tab that appears;
  • confirm OK in the ‘Add Bookmark’ dialogue box;
  • updates to UNICEF Turkey can now be followed from the bookmarks menu.

Most mainstream browsers are expected to introduce a similar feature in the near future.

Note: RSS version 1.0 files on UNICEF Turkey are validated using the W3C RDF Validation Service. Successful validations are also performed by Feed Validator for Atom and RSS and the RSS Validator at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School which now owns and maintains the RSS 2.0 specification.

Site Map

A Full Table of Contents for the web site is also provided -- this acts as a site map. The Full Table of Contents is accessible from the local menu in this section and the Resources section. Users of Mozilla and Opera can also access the Full Table of Contents, Glossary and other features via the Site Navigation Bar.

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