27 June 2024

Global Annual Results Report 2023: Humanitarian action

The year 2023 was marked by the conflict and violence threatening children and the difficulties reaching them with assistance. The rights of millions of children to life and safety, health care, adequate nutrition, education, safe water and protection from harm and exploitation came under grave threat in 2023 because of conflicts, violence, climate-induced emergencies and natural disasters – or, for the most vulnerable children, due to some overlapping mix of these conditions.In 2023, UNICEF achieved the following results in humanitarian settings:Clean water and sanitation for 42.4 million people;Measles vaccinations for 32.4 million children aged 6 months to 15 years;Services for the early detection and treatment of severe wasting and other forms of malnutrition, benefiting 118.6 million children under 5 years of age;Access to education for 17.7 million children and adolescents;Community-based mental health and psychosocial support services for 13.1 million children, and interventions designed to prevent gender-based violence and support survivors for 23.1 million children and women;A total of $520 million in Humanitarian cash assistance provided to 2.9 million families;Delivery of $893.1 million worth of supplies in preparation for or in response to emergencies.These results for children were made possible by the $3.48 billion in humanitarian funding UNICEF received in 2023.The present report describes the humanitarian situation of children and how UNICEF engaged with partners at the local, regional and global levels to save lives, protect childhoods and ensure that children’s rights were upheld. 
28 November 2023

Humanitarian cash transfers explained

What are humanitarian cash transfers?, Humanitarian cash transfers are payments made in the form of physical currency or e-cash that can be used to address humanitarian needs in any type of emergency. They are a highly effective way of providing humanitarian assistance to individuals and households., How do cash transfers work?, Cash can be provided as a one-off payment or as regular monthly transfers. These transfers can be delivered as currency via bank accounts, post offices, companies providing money transfer services, through the use of mobile phones, or simply by hand. Cash transfers can be given as a standalone payment and/or combined with other types of services…, Who is eligible for cash transfers?, Determining who will benefit most from humanitarian assistance is a critical step in designing cash transfer programmes, which should be tailored to the specific contexts of a given country or emergency. A range of targeting criteria are used to identify households most in need of support. Per its mandate, UNICEF usually targets families with…, Why are humanitarian cash transfers a good idea?, Humanitarian cash transfers help UNICEF serve children and families better. They are a cost-effective way of quickly getting support to those who need it most. The overall cost of delivering cash assistance is often lower than in-kind assistance, meaning more people can be reached. Cash transfers also empower people to make decisions based on…, Does UNICEF use humanitarian cash transfers?, Yes, humanitarian cash transfers have been a vital part of UNICEF’s emergency toolkit for responding to conflicts, disasters and protracted crises. UNICEF uses its expertise in both social protection system strengthening and in the direct delivery of cash, to fulfill its humanitarian and development mandate. UNICEF’s first choice when giving cash…
24 April 2023

On mothers, necessity and invention

UNICEF’s recent experience in Ukraine suggests that humanitarian crises both necessitate innovation to enhance responsiveness; and can be critical in driving innovation forward. While the human cost of this war has been well-covered, it is worth underlining the magnitude of these impacts. The United Nations estimates that within Ukraine, there are 17.7 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, and 7 million people have been displaced. The impacts on women and children have been disproportionate – at least two-thirds of children have been displaced, and 90 per cent of refugees who fled the country were women and children. As in other large crises, the scale and rapid onset of the Ukraine war required swift action. A key pillar of UNICEF’s humanitarian response within Ukraine has been the provision of cash transfers to households with children to enable them to provide for their families’ needs with dignity and flexibility. To implement this pillar, UNICEF took a risk by developing a new online self-registration form to facilitate an accelerated reach to households in need, including in the hardest-to-reach areas. This online platform went live on the 30th of March and, in 2022, enabled the reach of 584,870 children in 225,000 households – a total of 1,026,746 people, with typical payments of approximately USD 900 per household. The use of online registration was particularly critical to the geographical reach of the programme, enabling UNICEF to make transfers to those hardest to reach and in the middle of the conflict. The piece reflects on lessons learned during this experience, focusing on innovation and risk-taking in humanitarian contexts and strengthening accountability to affected populations and people-centered data.
15 October 2019

UNICEF's Global social protection programme framework

Across the world, 385 million children are struggling to survive on less than US$1.90 a day, and more than 663 million – or 1 in 3 – are living in multidimensionally poor households. Social vulnerabilities, resulting from personal characteristics and societal dynamics such as age, disability, ethnicity and gender, further compound the impacts of poverty and deprivation. The implications of child poverty and vulnerability are felt most immediately by children themselves, but also profoundly by societies and economies as a whole. Further, growing interconnected global trends such as the climate crisis, demographic shifts, urbanisation and conflict and forced displacement, pose increased risks for the most vulnerable children and families. UNICEF’s new Global Social Protection Programme Framework outlines the role that child-sensitive social protection systems play in addressing these challenges.  It highlights UNICEF’s conceptual approach to social protection, evidence of its impact, and clarity on what constitutes a child-sensitive social protection system. The framework also lays out 10 action areas on social protection, through which UNICEF, together with government and non-government partners, supports countries to progressively achieve universal social protection for children. The framework is also accompanied by a comprehensive guidance document that features a range of activities across each of UNICEF’s 10 action areas in social protection, a repository of tools and resources, UNICEF’s monitoring and evaluation framework, and annexes containing additional material.