05 October 2021

How parents can support children’s online learning

While online learning has been a lifeline for children during school closures, it is no substitute for the classroom and the most vulnerable are left behind. Many teachers have few resources to adapt their classrooms for online learning, while many students do not have access to a curriculum and learning materials that are compatible with online…, Children’s online learning needs, Children of different ages face different challenges in remote classrooms. Parents can play a vital role in helping children learn and develop to their full potential. For young children, they learn and develop skills effectively by interacting with their classmates and teachers – which online learning seriously impedes. Parents can complement…, Tips for parents to help children with online learning, Communicating positively and taking care of mental health Being a good listener, building safe spaces for conversations and providing emotional support will go a long way in stress management, strengthening the bond within the family and giving children the courage and trust to communicate both positive and complicated emotions more openly with…, Tips for teachers to support parents with children’s online learning, Teachers, too, can support families with online learning by: Communicating to parents the big picture of what their children need to learn within a given time period  Taking the time to check in with parents on children’s progress, challenges and learning needs and sharing helpful resources based on those needs The pandemic may bring disruptions…, Stay connected with UNICEF, Don't miss the update from UNICEF Thailand. Subscribe for newsletter from us.
20 August 2021

How parents can support their child through COVID-19 losses

Coronavirus is unprecedented in our lifetimes and people around the world are mourning a sense of normalcy and routine. Some may also be grieving the loss of a loved one due to COVID-19. Loss, grief and bereavement are difficult and complicated for anyone, but especially so for children – who may be dealing with this for the first time in their…, What are the differences between loss and grief?, “Loss and grief are powerful psychological experiences that leave adults and children feeling both disrupted and often very sad,” says Dr. Damour. “We might use the term loss to talk about the loss of things that may return – such as the rhythms and routines of life before the pandemic.” Grief, on the other hand, is for something more permanent, “…, How do children feel loss and grief differently from adults?, According to Dr. Damour, a lot will depend on the age of your child. “Very young children may be confused about what happened – both with loss and grief. Children under the age of 5 may not understand why they don’t go to school and why their parents are home. In the case of death, they may not really understand what death is or understand that it…, How can I help my child navigate these emotions?, Be empathetic and be honest with children of all ages, but make sure to be especially clear with young children. “Children under the age of 5, need and deserve very clear, very simple explanations that do not include euphemisms. We can’t tell children that we ‘lost’ someone, because they won’t really understand what we’re trying to say. It’s more…, I lost my own parent and am grieving myself. How can I still be supportive of my child?, “It’s not necessarily bad for children to see adults grieving,” explains Dr. Damour. “When we’re sad about the death of someone we love, we’re having the right reaction at the right time. And it’s important for us to model for children how to weather a difficult feeling, even if it’s a very painful emotion.” If your grief feels too overwhelming,…, What can I expect when my child is grieving the death of a loved one?, According to Dr. Damour, “It’s not at all unusual for children ages 6 – 11 and teenagers to have periods of disbelief or shock about the loss of someone close to them – or even to have moments of forgetting that it occurred, which is a normal and healthy defence that simply gives the mind a break from very painful news. Defences come and go, and…, I’m worried that my child may be depressed. What are some signs to look for?, “Loss and bereavement are both very painful experiences,” explains Dr. Damour. “It’s important to know when a child is handling them appropriately and when it’s time to worry. For children of all ages and adults, it’s time to worry if painful feelings are being managed with negative coping mechanisms such as emotional withdrawal that lasts for…, Missing out on important events is taking a toll on my child. What should I say to him?, “Kids have every right to be upset about how coronavirus has disrupted their normal lives,” says Dr. Damour. Their losses feel bigger for them than they do for us because this disruption is a greater percentage of their time that they remember being alive – and we’re measuring it against our lifetime and experiences. “The way that we adults can be…, My child is having a hard time understanding why we are all staying home right now. How can I explain it to her?, Dr. Damour recommends giving young children a point of reference. “It can be helpful to say: ‘You know how we keep you home from school when you have a cold so you don’t make other people sick? Well this is like that, but it’s a virus that’s more dangerous than a cold. And so we stay home to make sure that we don’t catch the virus, and people with…, Stay connected with UNICEF, Don't miss the update from UNICEF Thailand. Subscribe for newsletter from us.
01 August 2021

Playtime, anytime!

In the first 1,000 days of life (first 3 years), your child’s brain develops faster than at any other time. Even more incredible is that before young children can even talk,  you  can help with that brain building. How? Through serve and return! With help from our friends at the  LEGO Foundation  and the  Center on the Developing Child at Harvard…, What is serve and return?, Serve and return is a series of back and forth interactions between a child and parent or primary caregiver, where an adult responds lovingly and appropriately to a baby or toddler’s noises and gestures. Think of it as a game of ping-pong: it’s all about the back and forth — and having fun! The most important part is showing your child that you…, How do I practice serve and return with my child?, Building your baby’s brain does not need to be complicated and better yet, it can be built into every day routines and moments. Any moment with your baby can turn into a playful opportunity to learn! Here are some easy ways you can start incorporating serve and return into your everyday interactions with your little one.  , The 'name game', A mother is playing with her baby. Add some fun to your morning routine! Dressing your child is a great opportunity to help her make important language connections. As you observe her interest in each article of clothing you put on, give them names. For example, as you hold up her shirt, say “yes, this is your shirt!” You can take it a step…, Food time fun!, A mother is engaging with her son in cooking. Explore your kitchen with your child – it’s full of exciting sights, colours, shapes and smells for your baby to explore. Support and encourage your child’s curiosity by paying close attention to what your child is looking at, interested in and reacting to. For example, if you notice your baby staring…, Bath time play, A mother is bathing her child. Grab some bath toys or a ball and get ready to play! Let your baby pick the toy that grabs her interest first. Play with her back and forth, and when she’s ready to move to the next toy make a point to acknowledge the end of her time with the first toy by saying “all finished!” Toddlers may be readier than infants to…, Point and learn, A father is holding his child in his arm to select a necklace. Whether it’s in the car or around the neighbourhood, there are lots of things to see when walking outside. Pay attention to what your baby seems interested in through his gestures, gaze or sounds and point to it while telling your baby what it is: “Oh do you see the bird? That’s a…, Food swap, A mother is feeding food to her baby. When feeding your baby a snack, take turns in who does the feeding. Feed her one piece and let her pick up the next piece herself. Even if it takes some time, wait for your child to respond. Taking turns helps build her confidence and social skills. This would be a great game for babies 6 months and older. By…
23 July 2021

Your toddler's developmental milestones at 2 years

By the age of 2, your toddler is talking, walking, climbing, jumping, running and bustling with energy. Your child now has a growing vocabulary and acquires new words on a regular basis. She/he can sort shapes and colours and may even show an interest in potty training. As your little one grows more independent, she/he may show signs of defiance…, Social and emotional milestones at 2 years, Some of the ways you’ll see your little one learning to connect with the people around him at 2 years. Likes to copy adults and other children. Gets excited when he’s with other children. He is more independent, even more defiant. Tips for parents Find opportunities to engage in play and conversations with your toddler. Playtime could be as simple…, Language and communication milestones at 2 years, How your toddler is expressing her needs. Says short sentences with two to four words. Points to things when they are named. Knows familiar body parts. Recognizes familiar people. Repeats words she has overheard and follows simple instructions. Tips for parents When taking her for a walk, tell her the names of things you see., Brain development milestones at 2 years, Your child’s brain is growing! Starts to sort shapes and colours. Can find things hidden under multiple layers.  Completes sentences in familiar books. Plays simple make-believe games. Builds towers with four or more blocks. Can follow two-step instructions.  May start to develop a dominant hand. Tips for parents Encourage him to go looking around…, Movement and physical development milestones at 2 years, How she’ll move through her environment. Can run, kick a ball and throw a ball overhead. Is starting to run. Climbs up and down from furniture without assistance. Makes or copies straight lines and circles.  Tips for parents Create little fine-motor skills challenges for your toddler, like asking her to turn the page of a book., Food and nutrition milestones at 2 years, What mealtimes look like at 2 years.  Chews with full jaw movements. Uses utensils with some spills.  Tips for parents Be calm and accepting. Give your child positive attention when he does eat, but don’t make it a problem when he doesn’t eat. Just take the food away, cover it, and offer it to him again a bit later. , Things to look out for, While all children develop differently, you should speak to your paediatrician if your 2-year-old: Doesn’t know how to use common objects. Doesn’t use two-word phrases. Doesn’t copy actions or repeat words. Doesn’t follow basic directions.  Can’t walk steadily.  Loses skills she once had., Explore age groups, 2 Months   |   4 Months   |   6 Months   |   9 Months   |   1 Year   |   18 Months   |   2 Years