Closing the learning gap in Mae Hong Son
The case for mother tongue-based multilingual education
The 2019 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) conducted by the National Statistical Office and UNICEF found large learning gaps between different social groups, with children from non-Thai speaking households performing the lowest of all children in Thailand in foundational literacy and numeracy. Poor foundational learning causes these children to lag behind their Thai-speaking peers throughout the education cycle.
This publication recommends a path to help close the learning gap for ethnic minority children in Mae Hong Son Province through mother tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE). It will address the longstanding learning gap experienced by Thailand’s ethnic minority children, building on the Royal Thai government’s new National Language Policy Action Plan and using successful “made in Thailand” models to propose recommendations for prioritized actions for building back better in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.