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Toolkit on Diversion and Alternatives to Detention


• Regional
• Palau
• Papua New Guinea
• Solomon Islands
'‘Traditional’ Justice Systems in the Pacific, Indonesia and Timor-Leste', Sinclair Dinnen for UNICEF PNG, April 2009 [Word 230kb]
Provides a broad introduction to ‘traditional’ justice as it operates in Papua New Guinea; Fiji; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu; Kiribati; Samoa; Indonesia; and Timor-Leste. Touches on characteristics, strengths and weaknesses, interface between formal and traditional systems, strategies for engaging with non-state systems, children’s and young people’s rights.
'Justice for Children: Detention as a Last Resort - Innovative Initiatives in the East Asia and Pacific Region', UNICEF East Asia and Pacific Regional Office [no date] [Pdf 2.12Mb]
Chapter 3 on 'Diversion and restorative justice' contains 4 project examples: 1. Community-Based Prevention and Diversion Programme – Cebu City, Philippines; 2. Police ‘Youth Aid Diversion’ Project – New Zealand; 3. The Restorative Justice Programme – Palau; 4. Community-Based Programme and Services for Juveniles in Conflict with the Law – Quezon City,  Philippines.
Papua New Guinea
'Diversion and Alternatives to Detention', Royal Papua New Guinea Constabulary, February 2006 [Pdf 284kb]
Simple, user-friendly booklet for police with good illustrations explaining / reminding them of the 8 diversion / alternative options and showing for each one the: purpose, procedures, records needed, practice tips and guidance notes. 8 options are: 1. Warning – name not recorded; 2. Warning – name recorded in notebook; 3. Counselling; 4. Mediation; 5. Community work; 6. Arrest, charge and bail – conditional release by police; 7. Arrest, charge and bail – conditional release by court; 8. Juvenile court restorative justice programme. Also includes 4 golden rules for police (1. Divert young people rather than arrest; 2. Do not use force; 3. Do not detain; 4. Remand is a last resort).

'Checklist: Juvenile Court Protocol For Magistrates', Magisterial Service of Papua New Guinea [Word 58kb]
Simple checklist for magistrates to complete (one per case of child in conflict with the law) to ensure that treatment and options have been in conformity with the law – includes diversion and alternatives and: a brief reminder of relevant laws (p1); actual checklist (p2); and summary of roles and responsibilities regarding record keeping (p3).

'UN Approach to Justice for Children (Summary) & Practice implications for the One UN in Papua New Guinea', UNICEF Papua New Guinea, May 2008 [Word 78kb]
Summary of the UN Approach to Justice for Children and outline of a course of action for its implementation within the one UN system in Papua New Guinea.

'United Nations in Papua New Guinea: Secretary-General's Guidance Note on the Common Approach to Justice for Children - Implementation Plan – 2009' [Word 69kb]

UNICEF Papua New Guinea: 'Juvenile Justice in Papua New Guinea' [Powerpoint 248kb]
Brief powerpoint overview comparing the shift of the PNG juvenile justice system towards a rights-based approach, including options for diversion & alternatives – compares the situation in 2002 and 2005.

'Sample of baseline data and national trends in the use of detention and diversion in Papua New Guinea', PNG National Juvenile Justice Working Committee (with support from UNICEF), January 2008 [Word 467kb]
Baseline data and national trends in the use of detention and diversion for children who come into conflict with the law.
Solomon Islands
'Ethical framework for Field Research Teams: Solomon Islands', Government / UNICEF Child Protection Baseline Research 2008 [Word 78kb]
Sample ethical framework for research in 3 parts: Research Ethics, Community Ethics & Child Protection Ethics.



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