Children and AIDS


What UNICEF is doing

Elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (eMTCT)

Paediatric HIV care and treatment

Protection, care and support of most vulnerable children

Prevention among adolescents and young people

Results for children


Results for children

© UNICEF/NYHQ2008-1792/Pirozzi
Members of a primary school AIDS club perform a play about HIV/AIDS prevention on Pemba Island in the Zanzibar Archipelago.

PMTCT and Paediatric AIDS

  • Increased coverage of quality PMTCT services with roll out of a more efficacious regimen in high HIV prevalence regions towards achieving the virtual elimination of MTCT.
  • Skills of over 1,000 regional and district health staff built to plan, implement and monitor eMTCT interventions in order to virtually eliminate MTCT in high HIV prevalence regions.
  • 10,000 HIV-positive pregnant women and their newborns receive ARV to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV.
  • 50,000 children under 15 years of age living with HIV receive Early Infant Diagnosis, care and treatment.
  • Peer support groups for HIV infected pregnant mothers established to reduce loss to follow up of mothers and children and increase male involvement.
  • Capacity of service providers in public sector, civil society organizations and networks serving people living with HIV and AIDS enhanced to increase service use by the most-at-risk populations.

© UNICEF/NYHQ2000-0011/Pirozzi
A woman carrying her child listens to a health worker who speaks about the proper use of condoms at a UNICEF-assisted health clinic in the village of Gumba, Tanzania.


  • Skills of 450 regional and district level officials built to align HIV prevention interventions with the National Multi-Sectoral HIV Prevention Strategy, and plan, implement and monitor interventions targeting adolescents and young people.
  • About 500,000 adolescents in and out of school in high HIV prevalence regions reached with key HIV prevention messages, skills and services.
  • Establishment of 400 adolescent girls clubs in communities and schools in high HIV prevalence regions.
  • 10,000 adolescents and young people who are most at risk provided with necessary skills and quality services for HIV prevention, care and support in both mainland and Zanzibar.

Protection, care and support for most vulnerable children

  • New National Costed Plan of Action (NCPA) for most vulnerable children developed which includes a link with the broader Child Protection System.
  • Capacity strengthened of implementing partners to monitor and update the National HIV Database.
  • Cash transfer system for vulnerable children launched as part of TASAF3.



 Email this article

unite for children