Water, sanitation and hygiene


What UNICEF is doing

School WASH

Household WASH

WASH in emergencies

Impact with equity

Results for children


Impact with equity

© UNICEF/TNZA20100000142/Noorani
Young children walk behind their father while he transports drinking water on a bicycle in mining town of Nyamongo in Mara region, Tanzania.

UNICEF’s contribution is strategic and focused on its comparative advantage in addressing the equity and sustainably gaps in the WASH sector. 

UNICEF is supporting the development on the National Sanitation and Hygiene Policy, National Sanitation and Hygiene programme and others areas all of which, among others, address the current sector disparities.

These tools address sector gaps through pro-poor approaches and are anchored to social protection pillars.

In addition, UNICEF is supporting the Government in ensuring a coordinated and harmonized approach for increased coverage and improved equity and quality of appropriate School WASH facilities for all children, and an equitable national scaled up programme for improved Sanitation and Hygiene.

Helping girls to learn about themselves

Adolescent girls are especially vulnerable to dropping out as many are reluctant to continue their schooling because toilet and washing facilities are not private, not safe or simply not available.

When schools have adequate facilities – in particular ones that facilitate menstrual hygiene – a major obstacle to attendance is removed. In recognition of the apparent lack of information provided to young girls around the issue of menstruation, an educational booklet was put together for Tanzanian girls entitled “Vipindi vya Maisha” or “Growth and Changes”.

The development of this booklet followed participatory research conducted with girls on menstruation. It provides basic information on menstruation and hygiene, clarifying myths and taboos that often surround the topic.

It includes stories written by Tanzanian girls about their first experiences of menses, basic puberty guidance, and an activity section that includes frequently asked questions.

It also teaches girls to track monthly menses on a calendar so they can always be prepared. Widespread distribution of the booklet will help to empower girls with knowledge, help to increase their self-esteem and ultimately their school attendance.

The hope is that empowered adolescent girls will also help their female relatives at home and in the community to deal better with menstruation issues.

UNICEF has supported distribution of the booklet to over 50,000 girls in four districts. The aim is to make the booklet available on a national scale.



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