About UNICEF Tajikistan

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Country Programme 2005-2009

Questions and Answers

What does the UNICEF programme in Tajikistan cover?

UNICEF country programme of cooperation with the Government of Tajikistan for 2005-2009 supports initiatives in maternal and childcare that aim especially at improving child-care practices, strengthening primary health care and enhancing national policy development in maternal and child health. It also supports efforts to establish quality education for all particularly by supporting better school management and better classroom environments and by advocating for participatory approaches to learning that are gender sensitive and child centred. UNICEF likewise provides assistance for initiatives focusing on young people’s health and participation more generally by strengthening its collaboration with the Government, the media and local non-governmental networks, especially young people’s non-governmental organizations, in order to promote child rights and young people’s participation. Finally, UNICEF also undertakes efforts to promote social policy reform and child protection.

What are the objectives of the UNICEF programme for 2005-2009?

The overall goal of the UNICEF country programme is to strengthen national, community and family capacities to promote, protect and fulfil the rights of all children and to ensure opportunities to meet and sustain their full potential within the troubled economic environment. Through a cooperative and complementary strategy, priorities are being identified according to needs.

What are the priorities of the health and nutrition initiatives in maternal and childcare?

In cooperation with the Ministry of Health, UNICEF is emphasizing improvement in antenatal and delivery care, child-care practices, the management of childhood illnesses and good nutrition. With technical support from UNICEF, service delivery is being enhanced at the national and district levels, including in very remote parts of the country. UNICEF is working to eliminate vaccine-preventable diseases by strengthening routine immunization and supporting public campaigns to reach the entire population. UNICEF has also been supporting the passage of the complicated legislation required to implement a practical programme of salt iodization.

What is the nature of some of the initiatives in education?

UNICEF implements and encourages projects that are small, innovative, cost effective and designed to create child-friendly schools and communities. Community education committees have been formed in numerous schools. The committees draft community school improvement plans to address the most important issues in schools. Capacity-building among education system professionals is also carried out. Pupils and students are being provided with skills-based learning. Specific projects are being implemented that focus solely on getting girls back into school or on keeping them there.

What is the UNICEF focus in child protection?

UNICEF has been focusing on providing access to better services for children in need of special protection, such as children with disabilities, children in conflict with the law, children involved in child labour and street children. A juvenile justice project is aimed at diverting minor offenders and street children from the adult justice system and working with both parents and children to change behaviours. UNICEF has helped implement a gate-keeping system to discourage institutionalization. UNICEF has participated in the launch of a national training initiative for social workers and a national resource centre for social work. Social projects are being carried out in key districts.

What is UNICEF doing in water and sanitation?

Through the school-based hygiene and sanitation project, UNICEF is bringing fresh, potable water into selected schools by financing the digging of wells and the installation of child-friendly pumps. It is also improving sanitation facilities in the schools. Separate lavatories are being constructed for girls and boys. Heating problems are being resolved in some locations. Thousands of children have benefited from a hygiene education and promotion network to improve their everyday hygiene practices.

What are the UNICEF initiatives in HIV/AIDS?

The advocacy efforts of UNICEF and its partners in Tajikistan have led to a recognition that the problem of HIV/AIDS may reach substantial proportions if early preventive measures are not adopted. The life-skills health education programme gives young people the tools they need to protect themselves from HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections and drug abuse. It also provides access to child- and youth-friendly information and services so that young people can make informed choices and lead healthy lives.

What has UNICEF done in child rights and participation?

Successful policy advocacy by UNICEF has resulted in the development of the Government’s National Plan of Action on Children. The plan represents a policy framework for the Government in child rights, including the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. A pilot project has been conducted in numerous schools to test the teaching of rights-based, inclusive and gender-sensitive concepts within grade 1 and grade 5 curricula. Six child rights modules have been developed and are being used for the training of civil servants at the central and district levels. The priority will be given to training civil servants in the 15 districts that are the focus of UNICEF-assisted programmes in the 2005-2009 programme cycle.







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