Water, sanitation & hygiene

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene


Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

© UNICEF Sudan

Regular bathing, drinking clean water, using a toilet and after using the toilet, washing your hands with soap. These are very simple actions and in most places they are taken for granted. But in Sudan most people don’t have access to such basic rights. Less than 30 percent of the people here use both a proper water source and a toilet. A closer look at the numbers show that in urban areas it’s about half the people; in rural areas only 19 percent.

Without access to a toilet, and without information on why it’s important to use one, some areas of Sudan still practice open defecation—using the outdoors as a toilet. On top of that, UNICEF-supported surveys show that only a 1/4 of the population regularly wash their hands with soap. Stunting rates here are amongst the worst in the world and a contributing factor is the lack of proper toilets. Contamination from faeces can result in frequent infections and limit the absorption of nutrients in the small intestine of a child.

Poor water, sanitation and hygiene, or WASH, has a direct impact on health and well-being. Living without access to proper facilities and clean water, without being able to bathe or drink clean water or wash hands, is a welcome mat to disease, especially for children and their growing immune systems. Diarrhea can kill if not treated—by a simple solution of salt, sugar and clean water—and if a child is sick he misses school. A parent stays home to care for the child and from lack of basic rights to water and sanitation, a child’s health, education and family income can suffer.

UNICEF Sudan Water, Sanitation and Hygiene programme





The members of the School Hygiene Club at Kagar-Al-Mak Girls School are busy ...


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