01 November 2018

National road map: Sanitation for all in Sudan

Improved sanitation and hygiene practices is fundamental to child survival, socio-economic development and wellbeing of the society at large. Eliminating open defecation has benefits from the health, nutrition, learning, social and economic perspectives. In addition, eliminating open defecation safeguards girls/women’s dignity and protects them against sexual harassment, while they are out to relieve themselves. Despite past efforts, sanitation coverage in Sudan has stagnated. As per the Joint Monitoring Report (JMP) of WHO and UNICEF (2017), 27% of Sudan’s population were still defecating in the open and only 35% were using basic sanitation in 2015. As a result, in 2015, 26.3 million people in Sudan were either defecating in the open or using unhygienic pit latrines or sharing latrines with other households. Sudan failed to meet its Millennium Development Goal-7 (MDG) target on sanitation by a huge margin of 57%. Hence meeting the SDG-6.2 target of universal access to safely managed sanitation services will be a tremendous challenge in Sudan. During the Institutional Triggering, April 2017 high-level advocacy workshop to scale up sanitation conducted in Sudan, H.E. Bahar Iddris Abu Garada, Federal Minister of Health recommended the development of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) National Roadmap for Sudan. The present ODF National Roadmap is thus a fulfillment of the recommendation then made by H.E. and it articulates the key strategies, plans and investments needed to eliminate open defecation by 2022. Achieving an ODF environment entails having access to toilets not only in the communities but also within schools, health centres, markets and other public places. The ODF National Roadmap consists of nine sections outlining the country’s current sanitation context, past efforts and lessons learned in the implementation of sanitation programmes, rationale, suggested strategies and action plans, phases for implementing the roadmap, roles and responsibilities of key stakeholders, an implementation plan, the required enabling environment and investment needs for eliminating open defecation by 2022. 
01 May 2017

Environmental sanitation and hygiene master plan

The State Ministry of Health and the State Ministry of Education together with their sector partners will use this plan as a guide for their sanitation and hygiene programs in communities and schools within El Fasher Municipal Administrative Unit. This is the case because this master plan does not only target households, but also schools, primary health centres and public places. In the realisation of this cross-sector collaboration, the state government will highlight in its development agenda the provision of improved WASH facilities in schools, health centres, and public places. The ESHMP comes in as a response to numerous social and economic challenges that contribute to low health indicators within the town, but also the entire North Darfur State. For instance, in the recent months, the state was among the worst hit by water-related diseases such as diarrhoea, trachoma and malaria. These diseases spread through poor sanitation and hygiene practices which among others include defecating in the open, unsafe disposal of child faeces, lack of handwashing after using toilets, before handling food, unsafe handling of drinking water supply and unsafe handling of food. The Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan (ESHMP) is an actionable roadmap towards achieving sustainable access to basic sanitation and hygiene for all citizens of El Fasher town by 2027. The master plan is an articulation of strategic priorities, key policy and systemic interventions to guide investments and move beyond ad-hoc interventions to a more durable long-term solution, eventually leading to the attainment of SDG-6 target on sanitation. The vision of the people of El Fasher town is to live in a clean town free from open defecation & waste matter, where all residents have access to sanitation, hygiene and enjoy a healthier and productive life. This will be achieved by: • Promoting improved sanitation and hygiene practices; • Ensuring clean sanitation & handwashing facilities in schools, hospitals and public places;  • Improving the management of solid and liquid waste to provide a cleaner and safer environment. This master plan is a ten-year development plan (2017 – 2027) aimed at reaching 654,7772 people and is complemented by water supply improvements through the Water Supply Master Plan3 for the same population. The master plan will contribute towards improved human health, dignity and aid economic development for the residents of El Fasher town. It is estimated that Sudan loses 2% of its GDP annually due to poor sanitation. This translates to US$ 490 million per year4, nearly equal to the funds required to achieve SDG-6 basic water and sanitation targets for Sudan. Investing in sanitation & hygiene makes good economic sense.
01 November 2016

Urban water for Darfur project 2016

Access to adequate supplies of good quality drinking water continues to be limited among many rural and peri-urban communities in Sudan, despite several decades of water improvement programmes. The provision of drinking water of acceptable quality and quantity remains to be a major public health need and concern in Sudan, where diarrhoeal diseases continue to cause extensive morbidity and mortality. According to the MICS 2014 survey, the diarrhoeal disease prevalence rate among under five children was 37.2 per cent in North Darfur state (where El Fasher is located), and 31.1 per cent in Central Darfur state (where Zalingei is located). Through basic intervention methods to increase access to safe drinking water, improved sanitation and hygiene, many more children could be saved and their quality of life made better. The Urban Water for Darfur (UW4D) project, aims to achieve sustainable and more equitable access to improved water and sanitation facilities and healthier hygiene behaviour among the urban, peri- urban and IDPs communities. It will support the provision of an integrated package for tackling the unequal access to water by extending services to the unserved areas, with linked promotion of sanitation and hygiene, and the strengthening of the Urban Water Administrations (UWA) capacity. The project will develop a strategy entailing components of sanitation behaviour change and demand generation, improved household sanitation, School WASH and appropriate, low-cost sanitation and waste water treatment technology options, sanitation marketing, supply chain and business development, and service delivery.