11 February 2022

Five things you need to know about children and armed conflict

Children, not soldiers, The thousands of children recruited and used in armed conflicts across the globe are often referred to as ‘child soldiers. These children suffer extensive forms of exploitation and abuse, including sexual violence, that are not fully captured by that term. Warring parties use children not only as combatants, but as scouts, cooks, porters, guards,…, Six types of grave violations, Children affected by armed conflict must at all times be protected.  Armed forces and armed groups are required by international humanitarian law to take measures to protect civilians, including children, who are particularly vulnerable during times of armed conflict. However, from widespread killing, maiming, abduction and sexual violence to…, Girls too, While grave violations affect boys and girls differently, girls too are severely affected in armed conflicts. Whereas most children recruited and used are boys, virtually all sexual violence is perpetrated against girls. Due to cultural norms and stigmatization, sexual violence remains vastly underreported. Of the 317 grave violations verified in…, In numbers, Globally, between 2005 and 2020, more than 93,000 children were verified as recruited into and used by parties to conflict, although the actual number of cases is believed to be much higher. In 2020, the United Nations verified a total of 26,425 violations against children in conflict situations across the globe. This corresponds to 72 violations…, How UNICEF in Sudan is helping, Across Sudan, UNICEF and partners are continuing to provide care and protection for children like Younis who were or still are in situations of armed conflict, advocating on their behalf and engaging with all parties to conflict to ensure their rights are upheld. In addition to providing emergency and longer-term assistance to children, UNICEF and…