National road map: Sanitation for all in Sudan

Making Sudan open defecation free by 2022

Young girls use sanitary latrines at the Hamadab Primary School in Kulloeid area in in Port Sudan. Sudan.


Improved sanitation and hygiene practices is fundamental to child survival,
socio-economic development and wellbeing of the society at large. Eliminating open
defecation has benefits from the health, nutrition, learning, social and economic
perspectives. In addition, eliminating open defecation safeguards girls/women’s dignity
and protects them against sexual harassment, while they are out to relieve themselves.

Despite past efforts, sanitation coverage in Sudan has stagnated. As per the Joint
Monitoring Report (JMP) of WHO and UNICEF (2017), 27% of Sudan’s population were
still defecating in the open and only 35% were using basic sanitation in 2015. As a
result, in 2015, 26.3 million people in Sudan were either defecating in the open or using
unhygienic pit latrines or sharing latrines with other households. Sudan failed to meet its
Millennium Development Goal-7 (MDG) target on sanitation by a huge margin of 57%.
Hence meeting the SDG-6.2 target of universal access to safely managed sanitation
services will be a tremendous challenge in Sudan.

During the Institutional Triggering, April 2017 high-level advocacy workshop to scale up
sanitation conducted in Sudan, H.E. Bahar Iddris Abu Garada, Federal Minister of Health
recommended the development of an Open Defecation Free (ODF) National Roadmap for
Sudan. The present ODF National Roadmap is thus a fulfillment of the recommendation
then made by H.E. and it articulates the key strategies, plans and investments needed
to eliminate open defecation by 2022. Achieving an ODF environment entails having
access to toilets not only in the communities but also within schools, health centres,
markets and other public places.

The ODF National Roadmap consists of nine sections outlining the country’s current
sanitation context, past efforts and lessons learned in the implementation of sanitation
programmes, rationale, suggested strategies and action plans, phases for implementing
the roadmap, roles and responsibilities of key stakeholders, an implementation plan, the
required enabling environment and investment needs for eliminating open defecation
by 2022. 

UNICEF Sudan, Government of Sudan
Publication date


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