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At a glance: Viet Nam

In Viet Nam, exploring the opportunities and risks of digital evolution

© UNICEF Viet Nam/2012
Young women from the Junior Reporters Club discuss some of the benefits of using the Internet during a consultative workshop held in Hanoi in November 2012. The workshops saw UNICEF, Government representatives, academia and development and industry partners coming together to discuss the opportunities and risks of digital engagement.

By Kate Pawelczyk and Sandra Bisin

November 2012, Hanoi -- As Viet Nam experiences rapid growth in access to mobile phones and the Internet, UNICEF and partners are focusing attention on the impact of this digital expansion on children in the country. According to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), Internet penetration in Viet Nam doubled between 2006 and 2011 while the number of mobile phone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants jumped from 22 to 143 during the same time period.  Children and young people are at the forefront of this surge in use.

To discuss the opportunities and risks for children resulting from this booming access to the Internet and Information and Communication technologies (ICTs), UNICEF Viet Nam convened a consultative workshop on 15 November in Hanoi, with representatives from Government, academia and development partners, with the support of Yahoo!

The workshop was part of the global UNICEF Digital Citizenship and Safety (DCS) project, which promotes the use of social media and digital tools to advance the rights of children in developing countries, while also identifying the risks that these tools and platorms can pose. Viet Nam is one of nearly a dozen countries that have been part of the DCS project since its inception in 2010. UNICEF sees an urgent need to make younger users aware of opportunities and threats online and to influence digital behavior positively through evidence-based communication and public advocacy.

Focusing the spotlight on online youth behaviours

The UNICEF-led workshop in Viet Nam provided an opportunity for experts and policy makers to deliberate some of the existing data and trends on Internet and social media use by young people, and the implications for policies, service delivery and awareness-raising.

Discussions around the opportunities offered by digital tools focused on the potential for educational purposes. While data collected by UNICEF shows gaming, social networking and entertainment are the dominant activities online, more than half of urban children and one third of rural children surveyed reported using the Internet for educational purposes and sending education-related text or chat messages.

© UNICEF Viet Nam/2012
The Junior Reporters Club conducts research in their communities to understand how their peers are using social media and other digital tools.

“UNICEF believes that by understanding how children and young people are using social media and other digital tools, they can be empowered to be responsible users for whom the benefit is maximised and risk is minimized,” said UNICEF Viet Nam’s Deputy Representative Jesper Moller.

At the workshop, representatives from the Junior Reporters Clubs of Viet highlighted many other benefits of the Internet and social media, including the opportunities to connect with other young people around the world, to learn about other cultures and to foster global dialogue. The Junior Reporters assisted in investigating and gathering data on adolescent behaviours online in rural areas as part of the DCS project earlier this year.

Empowering children to avoid online risks

Children and young people are leading the digital uptake in developing countries, but this also means that they are more likely to be exposed to negative online experiences. During the consultative workshop, experts discussed existing data on online risks for children in Viet Nam, gaps in understanding, and potential tool and strategies for addressing the issues. Low digital literacy among parents and access to the internet from private mobile devices or public spaces, such as internet cafes, were identified as challenges for online child safety.

The particular risks of internet cafes in rural areas were captured by the Junior Reporters, who performed a short skit during the workshop touching on issues of gaming addiction, debt and the problem of unscrupulous owners.

Yahoo!’s Asia and Pacific Public Policy Regional Manager Nick O’Donnell addressed the topic of industry-led measures to guarantee child online safety.  Professor Urs Gasser, Executive Director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, presented on various strategies and policy considerations for governments when dealing with digital citizenship and safety.

The November workshop was the first opportunity for experts and partners in Viet Nam to come together to share knowledge and deliberate on strategies to empower children and adolescents to be responsible and confident users who take advantage of the opportunities offered by the online world, while also protecting themselves from potentially harmful or unpleasant situations.



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