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Violent discipline, sexual abuse and homicides stalk millions of children worldwide – UNICEF

Violence against children – some as young as one year old – is pervasive in homes, schools and communities, new global report with disturbing data reveals

Colombo, Sri Lanka, 1 November 2017 – Staggering numbers of children – some as young as 12 months old – are experiencing violence, often by those entrusted to take care of them, UNICEF said in a new global report released today.

“The harm inflicted on children around the world is truly worrying,” said UNICEF Chief of Child Protection Cornelius Williams. “Babies slapped in the face; girls and boys forced into sexual acts; adolescents murdered in their communities – violence against children spares no one and knows no boundaries.”

A Familiar Face: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents uses the very latest data to show that children experience violence across all stages of childhood and in all settings globally:

Violence against young children in their homes:

  • Three-quarters of the world’s 2- to 4-year-old children – around 300 million – experience psychological aggression and/or physical punishment by their caregivers at home;
  • Around 6 in 10 one year olds in 30 countries with available data are subjected to violent discipline on a regular basis. Nearly a quarter of one-year-olds are physically shaken as punishment and nearly 1 in 10 are hit or slapped on the face, head or ears.
  • Worldwide, 1 in 4 children under age five – 176 million – are living with a mother who is a victim of intimate partner violence.
  • In Sri Lanka, according to a 2013 UNICEF study of parents in Colombo, 40.7% of parents admitted using physical abuse as a disciplinary measure against children, and 76.3% of them admitted actions amounting to corporal punishment.

Sexual violence against girls and boys:

  • Worldwide, around 15 million adolescent girls aged 15 to 19 have experienced forced sexual intercourse or other forced sexual acts in their lifetime.
  • Only 1 per cent of adolescent girls who had experienced sexual violence said they reached out for professional help.
  • In the 28 countries with data, 90 per cent of adolescent girls who had experienced forced sex, on average, said the perpetrator of the first incident was known to them. Data from six countries reveals friends, classmates and partners were among the most frequently cited perpetrators of sexual violence against adolescent boys.
  • In Sri Lanka in 2015, of the 12,000 child abuse cases reported to the National Child Protection Authority (NCPA) 9.7% consisted of sexual abuse or rape of children.

Violent deaths among adolescents:

  • Globally, every 7 minutes an adolescent is killed by an act of violence.
  • In the United States, non-Hispanic black boys aged 10 to 19 years old are almost 19 times more likely to be murdered than non-Hispanic white boys of the same age. If the homicide rate among non-Hispanic black adolescent boys is applied nationwide, the United States would be one of the top ten most deadly countries in the world.
  • In 2015, the risk of being killed by homicide for a non-Hispanic black adolescent boy in the United States was the same as the risk of being killed due to collective violence for an adolescent boy living in war-torn South Sudan.
  • Latin America and the Caribbean is the only region where adolescent homicide rates have increased; nearly half of all homicides among adolescents globally occurred in this region in 2015.

Violence in schools:

 

  • Half the population of school-age children – 732 million – live in countries where corporal punishment at school is not fully prohibited.
  • Three-quarters of documented school shootings that have taken place over the past 25 years occurred in the United States.
  • In Sri Lanka, 80% of school children experienced at least one form of corporal punishment in the last month, according to a 2016 government study.

UNICEF prioritises efforts to end violence across all its work, including supporting government efforts to improve services for children affected by violence, developing policies and legislation that protect children, and helping communities, parents and children to prevent violence through practical programmes like parenting courses and actions against domestic violence.

“UNICEF’s new report shows the sobering reality of the scale of violence faced by children globally. Abuse, neglect and exploitation, be it at home, in schools or online is not only extremely damaging to children at the time, it is scientifically proven to permanently affect their developing brains and hamper their ability to learn and to develop healthily” said Tim Sutton, Representative, UNICEF Sri Lanka, adding “It has a real personal and physical costs for the children involved, and economic and social costs for the country – resulting in an estimated loss of $1.6 billion per year for Sri Lanka. We can be proud that Sri Lanka has committed to addressing this, but we must all play a part, and commit to working together to put an end to the epidemic of violence.”

In 2016 the Government of Sri Lanka signed up to The Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children, as one of twelve pathfinding countries, committing to ending all forms of violence against children by 2030. Led by the Ministry of Women and Child Affairs (MoWCA), and with the support of UNICEF and many NGO’s and civil society groups, in June 2017 Sri Lanka launched the National Partnership to End Violence against Children. Adding to the multiple actions already undertaken by the Government, on 1st October 2017, MoWCA launched a National Roadmap listing key actions planned to achieve this bold goal.

Part of this action will see the government implement support the INSPIRE guidance, a package of proven strategies agreed and promoted by WHO, UNICEF and the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children, including:

  • Adopting well-coordinated national action plans to end violence against children – incorporating education, social welfare, justice and health systems, as well as communities and children themselves.
  • Changing behaviours of adults and addressing factors that contribute to violence against children, including economic and social inequities, social and cultural norms that condone violence, inadequate policies and legislation, insufficient services for victims, and limited investments in effective systems to prevent and respond to violence.
  • Focussing national policies on minimizing violent behaviour, reducing inequalities, and limiting access to firearms and other weapons.
  • Building social service systems and training social workers to provide referrals, counselling and therapeutic services for children who have experienced violence.
  • Educating children, parents, teachers, and community members to recognise violence in all its many forms and empowering them to speak out and report violence safely.
  • Collecting better disaggregated data on violence against children and tracking progress through robust monitoring and evaluation.

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Note to Editors

For more information about the Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children, please go to www.end-violence.org/.

Multimedia content is available here.

For more information about Sri Lanka’s drive to end violence against children visit: www.unicef.lk/endviolence

About UNICEF
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone. For more information about UNICEF and its work for children visit www.unicef.org.
Follow UNICEF Sri Lanka on Twitter and Facebook

For more information, please contact:
Jeremy Sprigge, UNICEF Sri Lanka Communication Specialist, Tel: +94 (0)77 723 6548, jsprigge@unicef.org
Suzanne Wooster-Prematilaka, UNICEF Sri Lanka Communication Officer External Relations, Tel: +94 (0)77 316 5378, swooster@unicef.org

 

 

 
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