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Base de datos de evaluación

Evaluation report

YEM 2001/801: Textbook Distribution and Storage in the Republic of Yemen

Executive summary


The World Bank/UNICEF initiative as outlined in the Child Development Project (CDP) document Report no. 19461-RY has Textbook Distribution as a component, covering 5 years from 2001-2005. Considerable support is to be allocated for Textbook Distribution and Storage in ten Governorates. At the beginning of the school year 2000-2001, a new curriculum was introduced for grades 1-6 and the textbooks were completely revised and printed anew.

Purpose / Objective

The purpose of this report is, in cooperation with the General Corporation for School Book Printing Press, to:
- Review the existing Distribution and storage system
- Develop an improved Distribution plan upon which the size of the warehouses will be determined
- Design a computerized inventory system for Textbook storage and Distribution


Along with the staff and officials at the Governorate Education Offices (GEO) and the District Education Offices (DEO), the research team was able to interview 46 headmasters and 10 teachers. Over 40 locations were visited including schools, GEOs and DEOs.

Key Findings and Conclusions

The production of school textbooks in Yemen is without doubt exemplary; great effort and support from the Ministry of Education (MOE) to create an efficient printing department has been achieved, in the form of the General Corporation for School Books Printing Press (GCSBPP). The efficiency is reflected in the fact that many of the staff and management have received their education and skills in Germany, operating three shifts on a 24-hour basis. The GCSBPP was assisted in its early development by printing experts from Heidelberg, who were employed on long-term contracts.

The GCSBPP Sana'a, Aden, and other private printing companies for the school year 2000-2001 have managed to produce in excess of 32 million books for a school population in Basic Education grades 1-9 of 3,206,866 pupils, with the aim of supplying each and every pupil in the country with one textbook per subject.

Distribution and Storage, however, has not kept pace with production; both sectors have been neglected and a crisis is looming as the production for 2001-2002 has doubled to 66 million books. This is exacerbated by the fact that school enrollments are increasing due to a natural population increase of 3.7% and the fact that 27% of boys and 77% of girls who are not attending any formal education are being targeted to participate in schooling.

The Ministry of Education (MOE) does not have a Distribution Department. In the past, the Supplies Department was responsible for distribution, but investment in this area has not kept up with the massive injection of funds the GCSBPP has been receiving.

Without a Distribution Centre, Distribution has become the responsibility of many, interpretation of the MOE's policies are varied, and directives are being ignored or misunderstood.


Maximizing schoolbook usage, providing a reasonable number of titles per grade, recycling and reusing, good storage facilities, all together will go a long way in bringing down this enormous expenditure.

With the Ibb Governorate in line for the construction of a new warehouse to begin this year, and the implementation of smoother distribution operations, it is suggested that this Governorate be chosen as a guinea pig, and to undergo tough monitoring and evaluation, in an effort to set a standard in textbook distribution and book returns that, eventually, other GEOs can follow.

A monitoring team should visit all 18 Districts throughout the year, and have a workshop with all the headmasters at each meeting, explaining their role in the exercise; the team will need to visit schools and classrooms non-stop, and to be around when the final counting of returned books begins.

Full report in PDF

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Report information



Yemen Republic of


Education - Other

World Bank


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