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Base de datos de evaluación

Evaluation report

CHN 2000/009: Children in Need of Special Protection Programme ( End-of-Cycle Report)

Author: Anderson, S.; Hou, W.

Executive summary


The CNSP projects for 1996-2000 are designed to increase the Government of China's capacity for protecting the rights and needs of the most vulnerable of Chinese children. Projects include 26 community based rehabilitation pilot projects run by both the Ministry of Civil Affairs and the China Disabled Person's Federation designed to help disabled children through community-based rehabilitation and through changing society's attitude towards disabled children. Other projects involve capacity building and training for Child Welfare Institute staff to improve the quality of care in CWI. UNICEF is also addressing two growing problems in China: street children and trafficked women and children, through the support of transition centres, training and advocacy. The Trafficked Women's Transition Centre in Kunming and Xuzhou marks the beginning of what will hopefully be a long and fruitful co-operation between the Ministry of Public Security and UNICEF. UNICEF has a longer history of co-operation with MCA and CDPF, which continues to grow stronger. Finally, UNICEF is also supporting the China National Committee for the Care of Children in its advocacy of the Convention of the Rights of the Child.

Purpose / Objective

This report is the product of the end-of-cycle review conducted for UNICEF and the Government of China on projects involving Children in Need of Special Protection. These projects can be divided into five categories: community-based rehabilitation projects for children with disabilities; street children projects; capacity building of Child Welfare Institute staff and Community Fostering projects; trafficking in women and children; and Convention on the Rights of the Child advocacy. Projects were evaluated for their successes, constraints on the program, and recommendations on how to overcome constraints and directions for the next cycle.


Research for this report was based on interviews with government officials, project directors, project staff, other government staff involved in the project, and beneficiaries of the projects. Field visits were made to eight project sites. Year-end evaluations provided by the project directors, previous evaluation reports and a literature review were also utilised. Field sites were mainly selected for ease of access and convenience as time and resources were limited.

Key Findings and Conclusions

It was apparent at the end of the cycle that the project implementation has been very successful. All the requirements of the five-year plans made at the beginning of the cycle have been fulfilled. Previous evaluations and the mid-term review note some constraints the projects were operating under, most of which have been addressed by the projects.

Key factors for success across the board include: local government support for projects; overall planning, management and evaluation; effective use of mass media in education and advocacy campaigns; community participation and broad-based support; tapping the resources of external experts; flexible and innovative approaches to resolve difficult issues; increased cooperation between projects; and inter-ministerial cooperation to support the project.

It is apparent that while all of the projects have successfully met their obligations, some have particular strengths. The Community Based Rehabilitation projects are managed extremely well while the MPS has an enormous capacity for mobilising popular media for advocacy and education campaigns. The Street Children projects are to be commended for their innovative approaches to a difficult problem. THE CBR technical project in Tianjin, by filling in the gaps often neglected by larger agencies, has undertaken the challenging task of technical work in research, evaluation and documentation, and has offered high quality work at a low cost.

The Community Based Rehabilitation for children with disabilities enjoys significant financial and moral support from the local government. They have implemented an impressive amount of training. Additionally, three projects as models for other non-project counties to visit have been set up and project counties are encouraged to help neighbouring counties replicate the CBR. There is a need to increase advocacy as the biggest barrier cited by respondents is parental prejudice and ignorance.

The program for street children in Heifei has done an excellent job in mobilising local media. Unlike the CBR, this project lacks overall management regulations, goals, responsible ruling body, and rules shared among all projects. Further research is needed, including a national survey on street children.

The Child Welfare Institute, which places children with special needs in foster homes, has seen a great improvement in the health and well-being of the children. There is prestige in community to being a foster parent, with many families on a waiting list. If this project is expanded, care must be taken to ensure enough staff to keep the quality of oversight high.

Anti-trafficking program has received a large degree of police support, with new databases set up. DNA technology has been utilised but the project is limited by the lack of funds to care for displaced women and children.

China National Committee on Care of Children (CNCCC) is a group of mostly retired experts or ex-officials from government who have or had prestigious positions in society that sponsor trainings and awareness raising activities. It has been strengthened by the participation of high profile national experts. Marginal groups, grassroots workers to children themselves have participated in sponsored trainings. It is a good fund raising source with ties to the ex-patriot Chinese community. However children's participation could be extended.


Overall recommendations include a need for improved training. It should be more participatory and practical. More appropriate materials need to be developed and it is suggested that a trainer be sent to the field rather than have participants come to a central office.

The evaluation system needs to be improved. It is suggested that UNICEF conduct a seminar in evaluation techniques. Additionally, data needs to be updated and circumstances evaluated and analysed.

Full report in PDF

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Report information





Child Protection - Other

Ministry of Civil Affairs, Government of China


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