Table 3 (cont.)
Health (Regional Summaries)
|Countries in each region||% of population with access to safe water 1990-96||% of population with access to adequate sanitation 1990-96||% of routine EPI vaccines financed by government 1995-96 total||
% fully immunized 1995-96 One year old children
|% fully immunized 1995-96||ORT use rate (%) 1996-97|
|total||urban||rural||total||urban||rural||TB||DPT||polio||measles||pregnant women tetanus|
|Middle East and North Africa||81||95||67||72||91||52||71||91||86||87||86||57||59|
|East Asia and Pacific||67||93||57||35||76||18||89||95||92||92||92||35||87|
|Latin America and Caribbean||77||88||46||71||81||41||97||93||79||79||78||58||58|
|CEE/CIS and Baltic States||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||89||89||93||89||-||-|
|Least developed countries||54||78||48||35||66||28||21||78||60||60||59||48||80|
|Definitions of the indicators||Main data sources|
|Government funding of vaccines - Percentage of vaccines
routinely administered in a country to protect children against TB, DPT,
measles and polio that are financed by the national government.
EPI - Extended Programme on Immunization: the immunizations in this programme include those against TB, DPT, polio and measles, as well as protecting babies against neonatal tetanus by vaccination of pregnant women. Other vaccines (e.g. against hepatitis B or yellow fever) may be included in the programme in some countries.
DPT - Diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus.
ORT use - Percentage of all cases of diarrhoea in children under five years of age treated with oral rehydration salts and/or recommended home fluids.
| Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation
facilities - UNICEF, World Health Organization (WHO) and Multiple
Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS).
Government funding of vaccines - UNICEF.
Immunization - World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).
ORT use - Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), Demographic and Health Surveys and World Health Organization (WHO).
|- Data not available.
x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
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