Background papers

Background Papers were commissioned for The State of the World’s Children 2007 to provide in-depth original research on the relationship between women’s empowerment and children’s development and well-being. The four papers commissioned examined issues discussed in the middle three chapters of the report, on gender equality in the household, the workplace and in government and politics, respectively.

Note: The commentaries, findings, analysis and conclusions expressed within this background paper are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), to its affiliated organizations, or to members of its Board of Executive Directors or the countries they represent.

‘Poverty Begins at Home? Questioning some (mis)conceptions about children, poverty and privation in female-headed households’
Sylvia Chant, London School of Economics

Download the paper [PDF, 1.2 MB]


‘Women Politicians, Gender Bias, and Policy-making in Rural India’
Lori Beaman, Yale University
Rohini Pande, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
Ester Duflo, Jameel Poverty Action Lab, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Petia Topalova, International Monetary Fund

Download the paper [PDF, 1.6 MB]


‘Rwanda: The impact of women legislators on policy outcomes affecting children and families’
Elizabeth Powley, Women Waging Peace

Download the paper [PDF, 1 MB]


‘Female Legislators and the Promotion of Women, Children and Family Policies in Latin America’
Leslie Schwindt-Bayer, University of Mississippi

Download the paper [PDF, 962 KB]