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The State of the World's Children 2004

Millennium Development Goals

Annan, Kofi A., We the Peoples: 'The role of the United Nations in the 21st century', United Nations, New York, 2000.
This document was a prelude to the United Nations Millennium Summit in 2000. In it, the Secretary-General deems six values to reflect the spirit of the United Nations Charter – freedom, equity and solidarity, tolerance, non-violence, respect for nature and shared responsibility – and presents them as underpinning the commitments (Millennium Development Declaration) that would emerge from the Summit.
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Devarajan, Shantayanan, Margaret J. Miller and Eric V. Swanson, ‘Goals for Development: History, prospects and costs’, World Bank, 2002.
This paper estimates the additional aid required for countries to achieve the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Using two different methods to assess the resource gap in developing countries, it finds that additional foreign aid in the range of $40 billion to $70 billion – roughly double the official aid flow in 2000 – will be necessary. A brief progress report for each Millennium Development Goal is included.

Grown, Caren, Geeta Rao Gupta and Zahia Khan, ‘Promises to Keep: Achieving gender equality and the empowerment of women’, Background Paper of the Millennium Project Task Force on Gender Equality, 2003.
This background paper reviews country progress in achieving the third Millennium Development Goal – promote gender equality and empower women – and proposes ways to accelerate progress.  It suggests that women’s capabilities can be strengthened by existing initiates in health, education and other sectors, their opportunities can be expanded through new initiatives and investment, and their agency – the ability to determine their life choices – can be enhanced through electoral quotas, legislation to end violence against women and other legal measures.

International Monetary Fund, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, United Nations and World Bank Group, ‘A Better World for All: Progress towards the international development goals’, 2000.
This publication is an overview of international development goals that closely mirror the Millennium Development Goals. It looks at poverty, education, gender equality, infant and child mortality, maternal mortality, reproductive health and the environment. It evaluates progress through data from selected countries and makes recommendations for achieving the targets established by these goals.

International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, ‘Achieving the MDGs and Related Outcomes: A framework for monitoring policies and actions’, Background Paper, 2003.
This paper provides a framework for monitoring policies and actions related to the Millennium Development Goals and other development outcomes. It describes the conceptual basis for the proposed framework, reviews current policy indicators and supporting data, and outlines required steps for meeting the goals’ targets.

United Nations, ‘Implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration: Report of the Secretary-General’, 2003.
This report evaluates progress towards the Millennium Development Goals. It examines the persistent obstacles to achieving the goals and the underlying assumptions of the Millennium Declaration, concluding that multilateral institutions themselves may be in need of radical reform if the goals are to be successfully achieved.
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United Nations, ‘Road Map towards the Implementation of the United Nations Millennium Declaration: Report of the Secretary-General’, 2001.
This document, prepared one year into the millennium, outlines strategies for meeting the commitments of the Millennium Declaration. The report includes assessments of the challenges ahead and information on best practices. It focuses on such global issues as human security, sustainable development through poverty eradication, environmental protection, human rights, democracy and good governance, and protecting the vulnerable.

United Nations, United Nations Millennium Declaration, General Assembly resolution A/RES/55/2, United Nations, New York, 8 September 2000.
This resolution, signed by 189 countries and adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, establishes the values and principles that anchor the eight Millennium Development Goals. In this declaration, the global community commits itself to the elimination of barriers to development and human dignity.
[External Web page]

United Nations, ‘Why Do the Millennium Development Goals Matter?’, United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Department of Public Information, New York, 2003.
This brochure provides a concise overview of the Millennium Development Goals, the targets associated with the goals and the scale of the challenges. It spells out the promises of donor nations and the required steps of developing countries to meet these goals. The publication includes graphs that chart the progress and remaining challenges for each specific development goal.
[External Web page]

United Nations Development Programme, 'Human Development Report 2003', Oxford University Press for UNDP, New York, 2003.
The 2003 report focuses on human development in the context of the Millennium Development Goals. It provides an overview of the Millennium Development Compact – a plan of action for all stakeholders to help poor countries meet the Millennium Development Goals – and offers concrete proposals for eradicating poverty and hunger, and promoting health, education, gender equality, environmental sustainability and global partnerships for development. Chapter 4 addresses the issue of girls’ education.



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