We’re building a new UNICEF.org.
As we swap out old for new, pages will be in transition. Thanks for your patience – please keep coming back to see the improvements.

The State of the World's Children 2004


Annex A: A solution to almost every problem

Effective, time-tested strategies to increase girls’ school attendance and completion take place inside and outside the classroom. All seek to ensure educational settings that are healthy, gender-sensitive, child-centred and conducive for learning.

Not all strategies are applicable to every country. But one thing is certain – every nation must make education free and compulsory.

Strategies within the classroom:

  • Making classrooms child-centred, gender sensitive and rooted in the life and environment of the community
  • Recruiting and training teachers who are sensitive to gender and child rights, and paying them a regular, living wage
  • Promoting health in schools
  • Promoting sports in schools
  • Eliminating gender bias from textbooks and learning materials
  • Scheduling lessons flexibly
  • Teaching in the local language

Strategies outside the classroom:

  • Gathering gender-specific education statistics, including those on learning achievement at primary, secondary and tertiary levels, to identify disparities within disparities – such as how gender intertwines with poverty or ethnicity to produce multiple disadvantages
  • Providing early childhood programmes
  • Enabling young mothers to return to school
  • Taking special measures to reach the most disadvantaged girls – those who are affected by gender as well as poverty, ethnicity or living in a rural area
  • Providing alternative education for girls
  • Providing alternative education for overage children
  • Locating schools closer to children’s homes
  • Making sure girls and boys are safe within and without school
  • Encouraging girls’ participation and activism for education
  • Involving the local community
  • Supplying safe water and latrines
  • Decreasing the domestic workload
  • Making sure men and boys are involved

National efforts

The most successful girls’ education initiatives incorporate many or most of these components into a government-supported, integrated programme.

Annex A PDF

Annex B

At the May 2003 Inter-Agency Workshop on a human rights-based approach in the context of UN reform, UN agencies defined what constitutes a human rights approach and its implications for agency programming.

Annex B PDF



Español   Français

New enhanced search