The State of the World's Children 2003
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Percentage of children under 5 years old who are moderately or severely underweight, 1995–2001


40% and over


20% to 39%


5% to 19%


Under 5%


No data


Source: UNICEF.


Armed conflict


Countries where major armed conflict took place in 2001


Source: Erikson, M., M. Sollenberg and P. Wallensteen, ‘Patterns of major armed conflicts, 1990–2001’, SIPRI Yearbook 2002: Armaments, disarmament and international security, Oxford University Press, 2002.


Child labour


States that have not ratified ILO C182 Worst Forms of Child Labour, as of September 2002


Source: ILO.


Related graphics
Children orphaned by AIDS

 Children told world leaders at the Special Session on Children what they want: an end to poverty, exploitation and war.

  • With poverty a major factor, 150 million children in developing countries are underweight, which increases the risk of death and inhibits mental and physical development.
  • Since 1990, over 2 million children have been killed and 6 million have been seriously injured in wars.
  • Legally binding, ILO Convention No. 182 protects children from abuse and exploitation. Some 180 million children aged 5–17 are believed to be engaged in the worst forms of child labour – one child in every eight worldwide. Every year, 1.2 million children are trafficked.
  • 14 million children currently under 15 years old have lost one or both parents to AIDS.

This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers. Dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir agreed upon by India and Pakistan. The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been agreed upon by the parties.