Official Summary
The State of the World's Children 2002: Leadership

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Please check against print version of the report to assure accuracy.

Table 1: Basic indicators

  Under-5 mortality rank Under-5 mortality rate Infant mortality rate (under 1) Total population (thousands)
2000
Annual no. of births (thousands)
2000
Annual no. of under-5
deaths
(thousands)
2000
GNI per capita (US$)
2000
Life expectancy at birth (years)
2000
Total adult literacy rate
2000
Net primary school enrolment/ attendance (%)
1994-2000*
% share of household income
1990-99*
lowest 40% highest 20%
1960 2000 1960 2000
Afghanistan 4 360 257 215 165 21765 1051 270 250x 43 36 24 - -
Albania 96 151 31 112 27 3134 61 2 1100 73 - 90 - -
Algeria 70 280 65 164 50 30291 748 49 1590 70 63 97 19 43
Andorra 160 - 7 - 6 86 1 0 d - - - - -
Angola 2 345 295 208 172 13134 675 199 240 45 - 50 - -
Antigua and Barbuda 145 - 15 - 13 65 1 0 9190 - 82x 98 - -
Argentina 123 72 21 60 18 37032 721 15 7440 73 97 96x - -
Armenia 98 48 30 38 25 3787 37 1 520 73 99x - 15 51
Australia 163 24 6 20 6 19138 249 1 20530 79 - 95 18 41
Austria 175 43 5 37 5 8080 74 0 25220 78 - 91 25x 33x
Azerbaijan 47 - 105 - 74 8041 111 12 610 72 97x 88 18 43
Bahamas 137 68 18 51 15 304 6 0 15010 69 96 99 - -
Bahrain 141 160 16 110 13 640 11 0 7640x 73 88 97 - -
Bangladesh 55 248 82 149 54 137439 4217 346 380 59 41 82 21 43
Barbados 146 90 14 74 12 267 3 0 9280 77 98 100 - -
Belarus 129 47 20 37 17 10187 91 2 2990 69 99 85 27 33
Belgium 163 35 6 31 6 10249 105 1 24630 78 - 97x 24 35
Belize 83 104 41 74 34 226 6 0 2940 74 80x 91 - -
Benin 25 300 154 176 98 6272 263 41 380 54 37 63 - -
Bhutan 51 300 100 175 77 2085 74 7 550 62 47 53 - -
Bolivia 57 255 80 152 62 8329 266 21 1000 62 86 87 8 62
Bosnia and Herzegovina 137 160 18 105 15 3977 38 1 1260 74 93x 94 - -
Botswana 50 173 101 118 74 1541 49 5 3300 40 77 84 - -
Brazil 90 177 38 115 32 170406 3354 127 3570 68 85 95 8 63
Brunei Darussalam 160 87 7 63 6 328 7 0 24630x 76 92 91 - -
Bulgaria 141 70 16 49 15 7949 62 1 1510 71 99 98 24 37
Burkina Faso 12 315 198 181 105 11535 543 108 230 47 23 27 14 55
Burundi 14 250 190 148 114 6356 278 53 110 41 48 47 20 42
Cambodia 32 - 135 - 95 13104 476 64 260 56 68x 65 18 48
Cameroon 25 255 154 151 95 14876 548 84 570 50 75 73 - -
Canada 163 33 6 28 6 30757 344 2 21050 79 - 95 20 39
Cape Verde 84 - 40 - 30 427 13 1 1330 70 73 99 - -
Central African Rep. 19 327 180 187 115 3717 143 26 290 44 46 43 7 65
Chad 12 325 198 195 118 7885 383 76 200 46 54 39 - -
Chile 148 138 12 107 10 15211 288 3 4600 75 96 89 10 62
China 84 225 40 150 32 1275133 19254 770 840 71 85 99 16 47
Colombia 98 122 30 82 25 42105 981 29 2080 71 92 90 10 61
Comoros 55 265 82 200 61 706 27 2 380 60 74x 60 - -
Congo 45 220 108 143 81 3018 135 15 630 51 81 - - -
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9 302 207 175 128 50948 2442 505 100x 51 67x 59 - -
Cook Islands 117 - 24 - 20 20 0 0 - - - 98 - -
Costa Rica 148 112 12 80 10 4024 91 1 3960 76 96 91 13 51
Côte d’Ivoire 22 290 173 195 102 16013 571 99 660 48 47 57 18 44
Croatia 153 98 9 70 8 4654 55 1 4510 74 98 95 22 38
Cuba 153 54 9 39 7 11199 137 1 1170x 76 96 94 - -
Cyprus 160 36 7 30 6 784 10 0 11950x 78 97 96 - -
Czech Rep. 175 25 5 22 5 10272 88 0 4920 75 - 91 25 36
Denmark 175 25 5 22 4 5320 63 0 32020 76 - 99 25 35
Djibouti 27 289 146 186 102 632 24 4 840 43 51 33 - -
Dominica 141 - 16 - 14 71 1 0 3260 - - 89 - -
Dominican Rep. 75 149 48 102 42 8373 200 10 2100 67 84 94 14 53
East Timor - - - - - 737 21 - - 49 - - - -
Ecuador 94 178 32 107 25 12646 309 10 1210 70 92 90 15 50
Egypt 82 282 43 189 37 67884 1683 72 1490 67 55 86 23 39
El Salvador 84 191 40 130 34 6278 167 7 1990 70 79 78 12 55
Equatorial Guinea 24 316 156 188 103 457 20 3 1170x 51 83 89 - -
Eritrea 41 - 114 - 73 3659 147 17 170 52 30x 37 - -
Estonia 123 52 21 40 17 1393 12 0 3410 71 98x 87 18 45
Ethiopia 21 269 174 180 117 62908 2788 485 100 44 39 44 18 48
Fiji 120 97 22 71 18 814 20 0 1830 69 93 99 - -
Finland 175 28 5 22 4 5172 54 0 24900 78 - 98 24 36
France 175 34 5 29 4 59238 732 4 23670 79 - 100 20 40
Gabon 54 - 90 - 60 1230 47 4 3180 53 71 83 - -
Gambia 35 364 128 207 92 1303 50 6 330 46 37 52 13 53
Georgia 103 70 29 52 24 5262 57 2 590 73 100x 98 18 44
Germany 175 40 5 34 5 82017 718 4 25050 78 - 86 21 39
Ghana 49 215 102 126 58 19306 642 65 350 57 70 74 16 46
Greece 163 64 6 53 5 10610 97 1 11960 78 97 90 20 40
Grenada 109 - 26 - 21 94 2 0 3520 - - 98 - -
Guatemala 72 202 59 136 44 11385 404 24 1690 65 69 77 11 61
Guinea 20 380 175 215 112 8154 365 64 450 48 41 39 17 47
Guinea-Bissau 8 - 215 - 132 1199 54 12 180 45 37 42 9 59
Guyana 62 126 74 100 55 761 17 1 770 63 98 95 17 47
Haiti 37 253 125 169 81 8142 254 32 510 53 49 42 - -
Holy See - - - - - 1 - - - - - - - -
Honduras 84 204 40 137 32 6417 204 8 850 66 81x 86 7 62
Hungary 153 57 9 51 8 9968 92 1 4740 71 99 97 25 34
Iceland 187 22 4 17 4 279 4 0 31090 79 - 98 - -
India 53 242 96 146 69 1008937 25204 2420 460 63 56 76 20 46
Indonesia 75 216 48 128 35 212092 4497 216 570 66 87 93 21 41
Iran 80 281 44 164 36 70330 1566 69 1630 69 77 97 - -
Iraq 34 171 130 117 105 22946 813 106 2170x 62 58x 93 - -
Ireland 163 36 6 31 6 3803 56 0 22960 77 - 100 18x 43x
Israel 163 39 6 32 6 6040 125 1 16310x 79 96 - 18 43
Italy 163 50 6 44 6 57530 511 3 20010 78 98 100 23 36
Jamaica 129 74 20 56 17 2576 54 1 2440 75 87 93 19 44
Japan 187 40 4 31 4 127096 1209 5 34210 81 - 100 25 36
Jordan 91 139 34 97 28 4913 166 6 1680 70 90 95 19 44
Kazakhstan 60 - 75 - 60 16172 265 20 1190 65 98x 100 18 42
Kenya 38 205 120 122 77 30669 1064 128 360 51 82 74 15 50
Kiribati 64 - 70 - 52 83 2 0 950 - - 71 - -
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 98 120 30 85 23 22268 392 12 a 64 100x - - -
Korea, Rep. of 175 127 5 90 5 46740 613 3 8910 75 98 97 20 39
Kuwait 151 128 10 89 9 1914 32 0 19020x 76 82 87 - -
Kyrgyzstan 71 180 63 135 53 4921 103 6 270 68 97x 97 17 47
Lao People’s Dem. Rep. 47 235 105 155 90 5279 195 20 290 53 62 69 19 45
Latvia 123 44 21 35 17 2421 18 0 2860 70 100 93 21 40
Lebanon 94 85 32 65 28 3496 68 2 3750 73 86 98 - -
Lesotho 33 203 133 137 92 2035 68 9 540 46 84 65 9x 60x
Liberia 5 288 235 190 157 2913 157 37 490x 52 53 34 - -
Libya 129 270 20 159 17 5290 143 3 5540x 70 80 96 - -
Liechtenstein 150 - 11 - 10 33 0 0 d - - - - -
Lithuania 123 70 21 52 17 3696 34 1 2900 72 100 - 21 40
Luxembourg 175 41 5 33 5 437 5 0 44340 77 - - 23 37
Madagascar 30 186 139 112 86 15970 686 95 260 53 47x 57 15 52
Malawi 15 361 188 205 117 11308 518 97 170 40 60 83 - -
Malaysia 153 105 9 73 8 22218 525 5 3380 72 88 94 13 54
Maldives 57 300 80 180 59 291 11 1 1460 67 96 98 - -
Mali 6 517 233 293 142 11351 568 132 240 51 40 40 13 56
Malta 163 42 6 37 5 390 5 0 9410x 78 92 100 - -
Marshall Islands 68 - 68 - 55 51 1 0 1970 - - - - -
Mauritania 18 310 183 180 120 2665 117 21 370 51 40 54 18 44
Mauritius 129 92 20 67 17 1161 19 0 3800 71 84 97 - -
Mexico 98 134 30 94 25 98872 2310 69 5080 73 91 97 12 57
Micronesia, Fed. States of 117 - 24 - 20 123 4 0 2110 - - - - -
Moldova, Rep. of 92 88 33 64 27 4295 50 2 400 67 99 99 16 47
Monaco 175 - 5 - 4 33 0 0 d - - - - -
Mongolia 59 - 78 - 62 2533 58 5 390 63 99 90 20 41
Morocco 77 211 46 132 41 29878 773 36 1180 68 49 70 17 47
Mozambique 11 313 200 180 126 18292 793 159 210 39 44 44 17 47
Myanmar 43 252 110 169 78 47749 1186 130 220x 56 85 68 - -
Namibia 67 206 69 129 56 1757 63 4 2050 45 82 86 - -
Nauru 98 - 30 - 25 12 0 0 - - 95x 98 - -
Nepal 51 315 100 212 72 23043 812 81 220 59 41 66 19 45
Netherlands 175 22 5 18 5 15864 179 1 25140 78 - 100 20 40
New Zealand 163 26 6 22 6 3778 54 0 13080 78 - 100 - -
Nicaragua 78 193 45 130 37 5071 172 8 420 68 64 80 8 64
Niger 3 354 270 211 159 10832 604 163 180 45 16 37 10 53
Nigeria 17 207 184 123 110 113862 4628 852 260 52 64 56 13 56
Niue - - - - - 2 0 - - - - 100 - -
Norway 187 23 4 19 4 4469 55 0 33650 79 - 100 24 36
Occupied Palestinian Territories 113 - 25 - 0 3191 129 3 1610 72 - 94 - -
Oman 146 280 14 164 12 2538 90 1 4940x 71 72 89 - -
Pakistan 43 227 110 139 85 141256 5242 577 470 60 43 46 22 41
Palau 103 - 29 - 24 19 1 0 c - - - - -
Panama 109 88 26 58 20 2856 61 2 3260 74 92 91 12 53
Papua New Guinea 42 204 112 137 79 4809 158 18 760 57 76 - 12 57
Paraguay 96 90 31 66 26 5496 167 5 1450 70 93 85 8 61
Peru 74 234 50 142 40 25662 608 30 2100 69 90 87 13 51
Philippines 84 110 40 80 30 75653 2059 82 1040 69 95 90 14 52
Poland 151 70 10 62 9 38605 376 4 4200 73 100 97 21 40
Portugal 163 112 6 81 6 10016 113 1 11060 76 92 100 19 43
Qatar 141 140 16 94 12 565 11 0 12000x 70 81 94 - -
Romania 120 82 22 69 19 22438 232 5 1670 70 98 96 23 37
Russian Federation 120 64 22 48 18 145491 1236 27 1660 66 99 93 13 54
Rwanda 16 206 187 122 100 7609 302 56 230 40 67 66 23x 39x
Saint Kitts and Nevis 113 - 25 - 21 38 1 0 6660 - - 89 - -
Saint Lucia 135 - 19 - 17 148 3 0 4070 73 - - 15 48
Saint Vincent / Grenadines 113 - 25 - 21 113 2 0 2690 - - 84 - -
Samoa 109 210 26 134 21 159 4 0 1460 69 - 93 - -
San Marino 163 - 6 - 6 27 0 0 d - - - - -
Sao Tome and Principe 60 - 75 - 58 138 6 0 290 - - 93 - -
Saudi Arabia 103 250 29 170 24 20346 695 20 6900x 72 77 76 - -
Senegal 30 300 139 173 80 9421 364 51 500 53 37 49 17 48
Seychelles 139 - 17 - 13 80 3 0 7310 - 88x 100 - -
Sierra Leone 1 390 316 220 180 4405 224 71 130 39 36 41 3x 63x
Singapore 187 40 4 31 4 4018 49 0 24740 78 92 93 - -
Slovakia 153 40 9 33 8 5399 56 1 3700 73 100 - 28 31
Slovenia 175 45 5 37 5 1988 17 0 10070 76 100x 95 23 38
Solomon Islands 113 185 25 120 21 447 17 0 630 68 - - - -
Somalia 7 - 225 - 133 8778 461 104 120x 48 - 12 - -
South Africa 64 130 70 89 55 43309 1114 78 3020 52 85 87 8 65
Spain 175 57 5 46 5 39910 360 2 14960 78 98 100 20 40
Sri Lanka 135 133 19 83 17 18924 326 6 870 72 92 90 20 43
Sudan 45 208 108 123 66 31095 1090 118 320 56 57 40 - -
Suriname 92 98 33 70 27 417 8 0 1350x 71 94 89 - -
Swaziland 28 225 142 150 101 925 32 5 1290 44 80 100 9 64
Sweden 187 20 4 16 3 8842 78 0 26780 80 - 100 24 35
Switzerland 187 27 4 22 3 7170 67 0 38120 79 - 96 20 40
Syria 103 201 29 136 24 16189 484 14 990 71 74 99 - -
Tajikistan 63 140 73 95 54 6087 155 11 170 68 99 93 - -
Tanzania 23 241 165 142 104 35119 1379 228 280 51 75 53 18 46
TFYR Macedonia 109 177 26 120 22 2034 26 1 1710 73 - 96 - -
Thailand 103 148 29 103 25 62806 1182 34 2010 70 96 80 16 48
Togo 28 267 142 158 80 4527 178 25 300 52 57 69 - -
Tonga 123 - 21 - 17 99 2 0 1660 - 99x 95 - -
Trinidad and Tobago 129 73 20 61 17 1294 17 0 4980 74 98 88 16 46
Tunisia 108 254 28 170 22 9459 171 5 2090 70 71 94 16 48
Turkey 78 219 45 163 38 66668 1452 65 3090 70 85 72 16 48
Turkmenistan 64 150 70 100 52 4737 127 9 840 66 - 80 16 48
Tuvalu 73 - 53 - 38 10 0 0 - - 98x 100 - -
Uganda 36 224 127 133 81 23300 1184 150 310 44 67 87 18 45
Ukraine 123 53 21 41 17 49568 410 9 700 68 99x - 22 38
United Arab Emirates 153 223 9 149 8 2606 41 0 18060x 75 87x 98 - -
United Kingdom 163 27 6 23 6 59415 668 4 24500 78 - 98 18 43
United States 159 30 8 26 7 283230 3880 31 34260 77 - 95 16 46
Uruguay 139 56 17 48 15 3337 58 1 6090 74 98 93 15x 48x
Uzbekistan 69 - 67 - 51 24881 545 37 610 69 99x 78 19 41
Vanuatu 80 225 44 141 35 197 6 0 1140 68 - 90 - -
Venezuela 119 75 23 56 20 24170 575 13 4310 73 93 84 12 54
Viet Nam 89 219 39 147 30 78137 1576 61 390 68 93 94 19 45
Yemen 39 340 117 220 85 18349 926 108 380 61 46 58 20 41
Yugoslavia 129 120 20 87 17 10552 123 2 b 73 98x 97 - -
Zambia 10 213 202 126 112 10421 444 90 300 41 78 67 11 57
Zimbabwe 39 159 117 97 73 12627 456 53 480 43 93 85 10 62
 

Regional summaries

Sub-Saharan Africa   254 175 153 108 618118 25615 4478 528 48 61 60 11 58
Middle East and North Africa   250 64 157 49 343336 9674 616 1326 66 65 81 - -
South Asia   244 100 148 72 1353740 36937 3708 455 62 53 71 20 45
East Asia and Pacific   212 44 140 34 1875640 32305 1423 1125 69 87 95 17 45
Latin America and Caribbean   153 37 102 30 513385 11448 421 3713 70 88 91 10 59
CEE/CIS and Baltic States   103 37 78 30 476589 5912 221 2038 69 97 87 18 44
Industrialized countries   37 6 31 6 861018 9823 62 28077 78 - 96 19 42
Developing countries   223 91 141 63 4850815 118956 10809 1175 62 74 80 15 50
Least developed countries   279 161 170 102 667613 26589 4268 290 51 51 58 18 46
World   198 83 126 57 6041826 131714 10929 5192 63 79 82 19 43
Countries in each region are listed here.
Definitions of the indicators Main data sources
 
Under-five mortality rate - Probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age expressed per 1,000 live births. Under-five and infant mortality rates - UNICEF, United Nations Population Division and United Nations Statistics Division.
Infant mortality rate - Probability of dying between birth and exactly one year of age expressed per 1,000 live births. Total population - United Nations Population Division.
GNI per capita - Gross national income (GNI) is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes (less subsidies) not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income (compensation of employees and property income) from abroad. GNI per capita is gross national income divided by mid-year population. GNI per capita in US dollars is converted using the World Bank Atlas method. Births - United Nations Population Division.
Under-five deaths - UNICEF.
GNI per capita - World Bank.
Life expectancy - United Nations Population Division.
Life expectancy at birth - The number of years newborn children would live if subject to the mortality risks prevailing for the cross-section of population at the time of their birth. Adult literacy - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), including the Education for All 2000 Assessment.
Adult literacy rate - Percentage of persons aged 15 and over who can read and write. School enrolment/attendance - UNESCO, including the Education for All 2000 Assessment, Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS).
Net primary school enrolment/attendance - Derived from net primary school enrolment rates as reported by UNESCO and from national household survey reports of attendance at primary school. Household income - World Bank.
Income share - Percentage of income received by the 20 per cent of households with the highest income and by the 40 per cent of households with the lowest income.
 
Notes a: Range $755 or less. - Data not available.
b: Range $756 to $2995. x Indicates data that refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition, or refer to only part of a country.
c: Range $2996 to $9265. * Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading.
d: Range $9266 or more.


Tables index
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