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Map 2. Women's status = children's status

Click on the colours and icons in the table below to highlight regions on the map.

Click below to view the respective areas on the map.

Education of mothers
Women's literacy rates

90% and over

60% - 89%

30% - 59%

Under 30%

No data

Attended births
Fewer than 50% of births have a skilled attendant present

Malnourished girls
More than 25% of girls under 5 years old are underweight


This map does not reflect a position by UNICEF on the legal status of any country or territory or the delimitation of any frontiers. Dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir agreed upon by India and Pakistan. The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been agreed upon by the parties.

Women‘s status and children‘s status are inextricably linked.

Women‘s literacy rates – a proxy for their empowerment and advancement – are key to improving the health, nutrition and education of families and children.

Malnourished girls often grow into undernourished mothers, in turn more likely to give birth to low- birthweight infants.

Approximately 15 million girls aged 15–19 give birth every year, accounting for more than 10% of all babies born worldwide. The risk of death from pregnancy-related causes is four times higher in this age group than for women older than 20.

Skilled prenatal and delivery care plays a major role in reducing maternal mortality and morbidity.

Violence against women is often equivalent to violence against children.

Related graphics


Map 1 Map 2 Map 3