14 May 2023

Impact Evaluation for Resilience Learning in South Sudan

In 2020, 155 million people faced crisis-level or worse rates of food insecurity worldwide. Among them, as many as 115 million lived in countries affected by conflict or weather extremes. In 2021, in South Sudan, close to 70 percent of the population – that is, 8.3 million people – needed some form of humanitarian assistance, and close to 108,000 people faced catastrophic levels of food insecurity. Conflict forced population displacements and climate change exacerbate food insecurity. UNICEF estimates that 313,000 children under the age of 5 years were affected by severe acute malnutrition in South Sudan in 2021. However, evidence is lacking on how development outcomes are affected by these shocks, and how development programmes support populations to effectively respond to these shocks. In this regard, WFP and UNICEF are working to promote an integrated approach to resilience building through a joint programme. Under this programme, communities and households are provided with sustained support in the form of a bundle of activities over four years. This approach aims to strengthen the ability of beneficiaries to withstand shocks.  This report presents the preliminary analysis of the data obtained from the baseline survey conducted in the Juba and Yambio Counties, and Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBeG) State of South Sudan. The baseline survey was conducted between July and August 2021 as part of the impact evaluation of the UNICEF and WFP Joint Resilience Programme in South Sudan.