Mapping & review of violence prevention programmes in South Africa
Compendium of case studies
South Africa referred to in the South Africa: Model and Action Plan for Preventing Gender Violence report. The two reports should be read in tandem.
The study was commissioned by the National Prosecution Authority (NPA) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). It sought to examine existing cases of good practise for preventing gender violence with a view to developing a prevention model and action plan for scaling up promising interventions.
Researchers examined in detail eleven case studies in three realms: individual and family, community and the broader society. Several of these interlock. The eleven case studies may be summarised as follows:
- Intervention with Microfinance for Aids and Gender Equity (Image) Study located in Limpopo which focuses on empowering women as a way of preventing gender violence and HIV and AIDS. The approach used micro-credit finance combined with gender equality training as tools for empowerment for the individual and the community.
- ]The Saartjie Baartman Centre for Women and Children [SBCWC is a ‘onestop’ centre for women and children who experience domestic and/or sexual violence. The SBCWC serves as a model of service clustering and entrepreneurial spirit by women for their own economic and social empowerment. Focus is mainly on secondary violence prevention.
- The Stepping Stones is an established violence prevention programme in the Eastern Cape that targets men. It is a programme for HIV prevention that aims to improve sexual health through building stronger, more gender equitable relationships with better communication between partners.
- Hope Worldwide Men as Partners (MAP) Programme is based in Gauteng. Working with individual men in community settings, the programme emphasises the link between gender violence and HIV and AIDS and promotes active male involvement in reducing both epidemics in South Africa
- Girls Education Movement in South Africa is a national project a school (community) intervention model created to make schools safe environments conducive to children’s learning, with a particular focus on the extent to which GEM is able to combat violence against girls in schools.
- Isolabantwana – Eye of the child is a national community based child protection programme that advocates the collaboration of communities and formal resources when protecting children against abuse, neglect and exploitation.
- Project Ndabezitha is a national programme by the National Prosecuting Authority that aims to equip traditional leaders and prosecutors with skills to in dealing with domestic violence through providing training.
- NERINA -Stepping Stones – a One Stop Youth Justice Centre located in the Eastern Cape, Port Elizabeth. It operates on the principles of restorative justice and offers successful diversion and rehabilitation of children in conflict with the law. The overall purpose of the Centre is to provide for prevention and early intervention to avoid children coming unnecessarily into the system; receiving criminal records.
- Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication (SC IHDC) is a social change project seeking to make an impact at the individual, community and socio-political level. Violence prevention and children’s life skills development are some of the key areas of focus.
- Making the media work for gender justice - reviews media strategies used by Gender Links in creating awareness of gender based violence and encourage those most affected to speak out.
- Ekurhuleni 365 Day Action Plan to End Gender Violence is a case study that shows potential on how local government can play a role in ending gender based violence.
The case studies are used to develop a violence prevention model for South Africa that involves the individual, schools, communities, traditional authorities, the media and politicians. The argument is made that if all of these become sites for fighting gender violence, this scourge will abate. Recommendations include a substantial increase in state support for preventing gender violence, as opposed to simply responding and providing support.