28 May 2024

UNICEF in the State of Palestine Escalation Humanitarian Situation Report No.25

• More than 800,000 people were recently reported as displaced from Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, and about 100,000 people were reported displaced in the north, according to UN estimates as of 22 May. Approximately 285 km² has been placed under evacuation orders (around 78 per cent of the Gaza Strip).• Since the closure of the Rafah border crossing on 7 May 2024, UNICEF’s and partner ability to deliver humanitarian aid is seriously hampered given increased challenges related to ongoing population movements, lack of access and overall security, as well as the lack of entry of assistance.• A report by the PSEA Network counted more than 4,800 complaints about sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) since October 2023. UNICEF provided care and counselling sessions through the helpline and the PSEA Network, which served as entry points for referrals to other services.• Given the closure of the Rafah crossing, UNICEF was able to provide only 105,000 litres of fuel in the past two weeks, which marks a 43 per cent decrease compared with the preceding two-week period. The deliveredfuel helped produce lifesaving water for over 1.1 million people, including over 600,000 children. However, the provision of WASH services has deteriorated due to a lack of fuel, damages to several WASH facilities, and restricted access into and within the Gaza Strip.• UNICEF moved 11 trucks into the Gaza Strip during the reporting period viathe Rafah border crossing prior to its closure (in the previous reporting period: 98 trucks), to bring in critical emergency supplies: 1,400 Dignified Family Hygiene Kits for 19,264 individuals; and 1,200 cartons of lipid-based nutrient supplements benefiting 24,000 children; as well as 1,080 cartons of ready-to-use therapeutic food benefiting 1,080 children via the Erez border crossing.
24 April 2024

UNICEF in the State of Palestine Escalation Humanitarian Situation Report No.23

Over 87 per cent of all school buildings in the Gaza Strip have been damaged or destroyed, as per Education Cluster estimates. All schools have been closed for 625,000 students for six months. Every university in Gaza has been destroyed.UNICEF with partners has screened 43,300 children aged 6-59 months for malnutrition. Of those, 2,900 children were identified with acute malnutrition, who now receive treatment with the support of UNICEF. The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) projected that 1.1 million people face catastrophic levels of hunger (IPC Phase 5) and are at risk of famine in the Gaza Strip, the highest number of people ever recorded in this category by the IPC system.A UNICEF convoy came under fire while on the way to northern Gaza to deliver life-saving aid, including therapeutic food for children at risk of malnutrition and preventable mortality.Up to 6,000 Adolescent Girls’ Personal Care packages distributed by UNICEF partners, which include e.g., sanitary pads, underwear, a scarf, and a whistle.UNICEF has moved 81 trucks into the Gaza Strip in the past two weeks with new critical emergency supplies, including 15,000 packages of high energy biscuits, 3,700 cartons of ready-to-use therapeutic food, 25,400 sanitary items, 12,500 hygiene kits, 3,100 Adolescent Girls’ Personal Care packages, 6,000 plastic tarpaulins, and 1,300 sets of clothing.In the West Bank, UNICEF provided essential child protection services, including psychosocial first aid, MHPSS, and legal services to 1,202 people, including 797 children (132 girls) and 405 caregivers (239 women).Situation reports are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF’s humanitarian response. They provide an update on the situation and needs of children in a country or region, as well as information on UNICEF’s response and funding requirements.
12 April 2024

UNICEF in the State of Palestine Escalation Humanitarian Situation Report No.22

• 84 per cent of all health facilities and 62 per cent of all homes in the Gaza Strip are either damaged or destroyed by the ongoing hostilities, as reported in the World Bank/EU/UN Gaza Interim Damage Assessment. It also found that around 57 per cent of water infrastructure has been destroyed or partially damaged. The current water production capacity is estimated at below five per cent of the usual output, and progressively decreases every day.• 350,000 people with chronic disease have no or extremely limited access to their medications and essential medical procedures such as dialysis, according to HelpAge. Regarding diseases of epidemic potential, cases of acute respiratory infection (ARI) and acute water diarrhoea (AWD) are the top two reported diseases, according to UNRWA's weekly epidemiologic surveillance.• UNICEF distributed 19,800 collapsible jerrycans; 15,800 buckets; 4,000diapers; 990 hygiene kits; and 30 bladders for safe water storage benefitting 35,600 people including children, women and adolescent girls in the Gaza Strip.• UNICEF has moved 34 trucks into the Gaza Strip in the past two weeks with critical emergency supplies such as 4,400 packs of baby diapers; 2,272 packs of hygiene kits; 15,905 sets of winter clothes; 1,250 cartons of nutritional foodto fight malnutrition; 16,800 collapsible 10 litre water containers as well as two water treatment plants with tools and accessories.• In the West Bank, UNICEF continued psychosocial first aid (PFA), mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS), awareness sessions and legal services to 727 people, including 459 children and 268 caregivers.