UNICEF in the State of Palestine Escalation Humanitarian Situation Report No.16

Reporting Period: 18 to 24 January 2024


  • The civilian population in the Gaza Strip are squeezed into smaller and smaller areas, as an estimated 1.3 million people – more than 50 per cent of Gaza’s population, including 609,700 children – seek shelter in only one governorate in the south of the Gaza Strip, the Rafah governorate, as reported by OHCHR.
  • The few remaining hospitals in the Gaza Strip find themselves in ever more dire circumstances, with hostilities often preventing access for both patients and supplies, and health workers coping on little rest and meagre supplies.
  • Health staff of the largest hospital in the south is reported to be digging graves on hospital grounds, due to the large numbers of predicted deaths and the need to manage dead bodies.
  • UNICEF has provided psychosocial support services to over 55,000 people in the Gaza Strip since 7 October 2023, including more than 44,000 children.
  • UNICEF, through the UN mechanism, provided fuel to operate one wastewater treatment plant in Rafah, enabling wastewater treatment and safe disposal of sewage, benefiting over 275,000 people.
  • Since 7 October 2023, UNICEF has transferred humanitarian cash assistance to 594,000 people in the Gaza Strip – almost a quarter of the total population.
  • UNICEF has moved 386 trucks of supplies into the Gaza Strip from Egypt since 21 October. In the past week, 15 trucks brought critical emergency supplies, including 960,000 soap bars, 11,000 bottles of water, 15,000 tarpaulin sheets, 24,600 blankets, 60,000 water purification tabs to cover 12,000 families for one month, five 10,000 litre water storage tanks.
  • In the West Bank, UNICEF continued to provide critical child protection services reaching 552 people, including 370 children, during the reporting week. Additionally, positive parenting sessions were carried out in the West Bank, reaching 158 children through 18 session and 48 mothers through 5 sessions.

Situation reports are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF’s humanitarian response. They provide an update on the situation and needs of children in a country or region, as well as information on UNICEF’s response and funding requirements.

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