UNICEF in the State of Palestine Escalation Humanitarian Situation Report No.13

Reporting Period: 28 December 2023 to 3 January 2024


  • The population in the Gaza Strip faces risk of famine, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report, and it is said the risk increases each day with the current situation of intense hostilities and as restricted humanitarian access persists or worsens. The analysis found that the entire population in the Gaza Strip – about 2.2 million people – is classified in IPC Phase 3 or above (crisis or worse).
  • All children under five – 335,000 – are at high risk of severe malnutrition and preventable death as the risk of famine conditions continues to increase.
  • 2023 was the deadliest year for Palestinians in the West Bank, with a total of 506 Palestinians killed, since OCHA began recording casualties 18 years ago.
  • UNICEF provided 50,000 liters of fuel during the reporting period, allowing public and private water wells and desalination plants to produce clean water, reaching 1,326,000 people, including over 670,000 children with water for drinking and domestic needs in Deir Al Balah, Khan Younis and Rafah areas. In addition to this, over 780,000 liters of bottled water were distributed in Khan Younis and Rafah benefitting over 260,064 people including 132,600 children.
  • Nearly 500,000 people in the Gaza Strip have benefitted from UNICEF provided multi-purpose cash assistance (MPCA) and top ups.
  • UNICEF moved 256 trucks into the Gaza Strip from Egypt since 21 October. In the past week, seven trucks brought critical emergency supplies including: 288,000 bottles of water to serve 150,000 people; winter clothing for 35,000 children and more than 49,000 doses of vaccines.
  • UNICEF continues to ensure that communities have direct, safe and confidential contact for any complaint or feedback they may have regarding UNICEF and partners’ interventions. Since 7 October, over 3,800 pieces of feedback and complaints have been received.

Situation reports are the main reporting tool to monitor UNICEF’s humanitarian response. They provide an update on the situation and needs of children in a country or region, as well as information on UNICEF’s response and funding requirements.

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