Women's situation in Somalia
© UNICEF Somalia/ Kamber
- Only quarter of women (24%) in Somalia aged 15-24 are literate.
- Only 5% of Somali girls are enrolled in secondary schools.
- Female children are more likely to be involved in child labour (54%) compared to their male counterparts (45%).
- 45% of women are married by the time they are 18 years old (35% urban, 52% rural).
- A Somali woman gives birth to an average of 6 children during her life time.
- Almost all women aged 15 to 49 years (98%) have been subjected to female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), of them 77% have undergone the extreme form.
- The majority of girls undergo FGM/C between the ages of 5 – 9.
- Half of Somali women (49.1%) suffer from Anaemia while over 26% are underweight.
- Over 54% of women suffer from Vitamin A deficiency which causes lowered immunity and therefore increased morbidity and mortality.
- 14 in every 1000 women die due to complications related to child birth.
- For women giving birth, case fatality rate due to direct obstetric complications is 21%- 33%.
- Only 26% of women were attended during pregnancy at least once by skilled health personnel (doctors, nurses or midwives).
- About third (33%) of births are delivered by skilled personnel.
- At least 1,520 women were treated for weapon-related wounds in the three main hospitals in Mogadishu in 2010 (approx 6,080 were men)
- More than three quarters of married women age 15-49 believe that there are at least some situations in which a husband is justified in beating his wife.
- While data on Gender Based violence in Somalia is scarce, most female survivors of sexual violence are reported to be between 13 and 24 years of age.
- Only 11.4% of Somali women know that condom can prevent transmission of HIV/AIDS.
- According to the Somali tradition of Diya (penalty for wrongly taking someone’s life), those found guilty in the death of a woman must pay only half as much to the aggrieved family as they would if the victim were a man.