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UNICEF Social Inclusion, Policy and Budgeting

Situation analysis

© UNICEF/MENA06083/Shehzad Noorani
Portrait of a young rural girl child with her sibling in village Al-Aliya about 40 KM North of Basra.

UNICEF supports programme countries to conduct a comprehensive Situation Analysis of Women and Children (SitAn) within the country programme or national planning cycle. It is done in preparation for or as an input to the review of the national development plan and poverty reduction strategy. It forms part of the UN contribution to country analytic work, including the Common Country Assessment (CCA). It also supports national reporting to the Child Rights and CEDAW Committee.

The primary informational purpose of a SitAn is to improve the understanding of decision-makers, partners and all other stakeholders of the current status of children’s and women’s rights in the country and the causes of shortfalls and inequities. Child poverty/deprivation analysis is therefore a central part of any SitAn, providing an overview of both the status of children, the causes of child deprivations and inequity. A comprehensive child poverty/deprivation analysis demonstrates how monetary poverty is a mediating and driving factor of many crucial issues that affect child wellbeing and increases the risk of deprivation. Many of the observed child deprivations (not attending school, low quality dwelling materials, for instance) are, in part, manifestations of low monetary resources and thus linked to the risk of poverty.  Deprivation and monetary poverty have large overlaps and significant interactions. Using an integrated approach that identifies children who are poor (living in poor households) alongside identifying child level deprivations can provide significant insights for policy design and performance, which is the chief objective of any SitAn.

For more information on UNICEF’s Situation Analysis https://www.unicef.org/sitan/index_43340.html

Contact points: Martin C. Evans, mcevans@unicef.org, and Etona Ekole, eekole@unicef.org.



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