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UNICEF Social Inclusion, Policy and Budgeting

Children Living in Poverty: Overview of Definitions, Measurements and Policy

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AUTHOR Enrique Delamonica, Alberto Minujin, Alejandra Davidziuk and Edward D. Gonzalez
TYPE Working Paper
DATE 2006
TOPIC Child poverty and disparities

Is the issue of children living in poverty recognized by and incorporated into anti-poverty strategies? Who are the children living in poverty? Have governments, civil society organizations, and international organizations identified them and adopted policies to reduce child poverty? Is the situation of girls living in poverty taken into account? Are poverty reduction policies following a human rights-based approach? The objective of this paper is to review the literature available that address some of these issues and present different concepts regarding child poverty, different definitions of children living in poverty and efforts to measure child poverty. The paper also maps some policies and strategies to reduce child poverty. In general, the assessment finds that there is a lack of consideration of children’s issues in general and in particular in the anti-poverty strategies. However, several organizations have recently adopted a human rights based approach to defining children living in poverty. A few governments have started to incorporate explicit targets and policies to reduce the number of children living in poverty.

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