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UNICEF Social Inclusion, Policy and Budgeting

Child Poverty Across Industrialized Nations

Cover Image
AUTHOR Bruce Bradbury and Markus Jantti
ORGANIZATION Innocenti Research Centre
TYPE Working Paper
DATE 1999
TOPIC Child poverty and disparities

While child poverty is seen as an important social problem everywhere, there is considerable variation in both anti-poverty policies and policy outcomes across industrialized nations. In this paper we present new estimates of patterns of child income poverty in 25 nations using data from the Luxembourg Income Study. These estimates are presented using a range of alternative income poverty definitions and describe the correlations of outcomes with different demographic patterns, labour markets and social transfer incomes. The paper concludes with an analysis of the sources of the variation in child poverty across nations. Much of the previous literature has focused on the differences in welfare state institutions and social transfer outcomes. However, our results suggest that variations in the market incomes received by the families of disadvantaged children are more important.


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