Salt iodisation in the population of Serbia
National survey of the biological impact
Although it is one of the rare elements in nature, iodine traces are found everywhere: in sea and ocean water, the atmosphere, soil, flora and fauna, drinking water and food.
Its special characteristics related to the natural circulation cycle, its various manifestations in biosphere systems, and its specific functions in the human body classify iodine as an essential micro-element that humans need to obtain from their diet.
The health implications caused by insufficient iodine intake are welldocumented and include goitre and cretinism.
Like many European countries, Serbia has faced such implications in the past. The most concerning consequence, however, is the damage that may be caused to the developing brain of the foetus when an expectant mother is iodine-deficient.