Child poverty in Serbia
Poverty, in general, is a multidimensional phenomenon and can be caused by many factors.
The most common indicator of poverty is low or no income in the HH and, consequently, low consumption. Even when poverty is assumed as a lack in assets, the main causes are almost the same as the main causes of low income. Low or no income can be caused by many different reasons, but it is often related to the education of the individual and, consequently, with employment status.
However, when it comes to children the causes are not directly related to them but to the adults they live with (HH members). Children’s survival depends on adults: this is why they are especially vulnerable and the impact of poverty on the children in a HH is the greatest.
Children feel the effects of poverty in terms of the lack of basic goods and services, as well as its associated divisiveness, stigma, and humiliation. The environment
where a child lives can significantly affect its future development, education and social status, and psychological development, and thus the risk of remaining poor into adulthood becomes significantly higher compared to children that are not faced with poverty during their childhood. Child poverty denies children the opportunity to reach their full potential.
Reducing child poverty means fulfilling children’s rights to the goods and services necessary for their survival, normal growth and development. It also means improving opportunities for disadvantaged children to participate in society.