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1 . War. Croatia, 1994
Children walk towards the remains of a bombed building in the town of Turanj in Croatia. Heavily damaged during the 1991 fighting between Serb and Croat ethnic factions, in 1994 the town hosted refugees fleeing war in the neighbouring republics of Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Landmines blanket the area, injuring primarily children.

2. School in refugee camp. Afghanistan, 1996
Girls study in a makeshift classroom in the Sakhi camp for refugees from neighbouring Tajikistan, in the Mazar-e-Sharif region of Afghanistan. In 1996, this region, also at war, was under the control of the Northern Alliance faction.

3. Rwandan refugees. United Republic of Tanzania, 1994
A baby gazes at his mother, sitting amidst thousands of other Rwandan refugees in a giant encampment near the town of Benako in north-eastern Tanzania. Fleeing genocidal killings in their country in April 1994, some 350,000 Rwandans crossed into Tanzania in less than a week. By the end of that year, some 700,000 Rwandans had been killed, 2 million were refugees and an estimated 100,000 children had become separated from their parents. This national trauma in Rwanda will take generations to heal and continues to be affected by conflicts in surrounding countries.

4. Coal industry workers. India, 1989
At the end of the day, two families leave an open-cut coal mine, pushing the carts they use to bring food to miners, in the Dhanbad region of the state of Bihar in India. Increased mechanization, needed to keep the industry competitive and make India self-sufficient in coal, threatens the livelihood of an estimated 400,000 people in the region.

© All images Sebastião Salgado/Amazonas Images

5. Woman and girls. Ecuador, 1982
A woman and two girls on their way to a religious meeting stand in front of a gateway intersecting a footpath in the mountainous rural region of Chimborazo in Ecuador.

6. Manila slum. Philippines, 1999
Children play and care for siblings in a squatter community of thousands - many of whom are migrants from rural areas -- who live beside active railway tracks leading in and out of downtown Manila, capital of the Philippines. The tracks constitute the only open space in this community and accidents from passing trains are common.

7. Boy. Sudan, 1995
A boy sits in the Natinga School at a camp for the displaced in southern Sudan, a country at war for more than 20 years.

8. Girl. Ecuador, 1998
An indigenous girl stands in the Cuello Loma mountains in the region of Chimborazo in Ecuador. Villages in the region are now populated primarily by children and women because so many men have left in search of work.

9. Boy. Afghanistan, 1995
His school satchel slung across his shoulder, a boy stands in the Kamaz camp for displaced Afghans in the northern city of Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan, a country at war for more than 20 years.

10. Kurdish girl. Iraq, 1997
An ethnic Kurdish girl lives with her family and other displaced people in the former prison of Nizarke Fort, in the city of Dohuk in northern Iraq. An internationally protected zone since the end of the 1990 Gulf War, the region's predominantly ethnic Kurdish residents have lived through decades of conflict and continue to face instability and displacement.