1 . War. Croatia, 1994
Children walk towards the remains of a bombed building in the town
of Turanj in Croatia. Heavily damaged during the 1991 fighting between
Serb and Croat ethnic factions, in 1994 the town hosted refugees
fleeing war in the neighbouring republics of Serbia and Bosnia and
Herzegovina. Landmines blanket the area, injuring primarily children.
2. School in refugee camp. Afghanistan, 1996
Girls study in a makeshift classroom in the Sakhi camp for refugees
from neighbouring Tajikistan, in the Mazar-e-Sharif region of Afghanistan.
In 1996, this region, also at war, was under the control of the
Northern Alliance faction.
3. Rwandan refugees. United Republic of Tanzania, 1994
A baby gazes at his mother, sitting amidst thousands of other Rwandan
refugees in a giant encampment near the town of Benako in north-eastern
Tanzania. Fleeing genocidal killings in their country in April 1994,
some 350,000 Rwandans crossed into Tanzania in less than a week.
By the end of that year, some 700,000 Rwandans had been killed,
2 million were refugees and an estimated 100,000 children had become
separated from their parents. This national trauma in Rwanda will
take generations to heal and continues to be affected by conflicts
in surrounding countries.
4. Coal industry workers. India, 1989
At the end of the day, two families leave an open-cut coal mine,
pushing the carts they use to bring food to miners, in the Dhanbad
region of the state of Bihar in India. Increased mechanization,
needed to keep the industry competitive and make India self-sufficient
in coal, threatens the livelihood of an estimated 400,000 people
in the region.
© All images Sebastião Salgado/Amazonas Images