23 April 2019

Situation of children in Rwanda

The people of Rwanda are young. About 5.4 million out of its estimated 11.8 million people are under 18 years old. Over the past 20 years, Rwanda has achieved significant development progress and aims to reach middle-income status by 2020. It was also one of the few countries to achieve all of the Millennium Development Goals. Political stability…, The early years, The beginning of life is an especially vulnerable time for children. Out of every 1,000 births in Rwanda, around 50 of these children do not survive to see their fifth birthday. For every 100,000 mothers who give birth, around 210 do not survive. These rates of mortality are much higher in rural areas and among the poorest families. Although over…, The school years, Rwandan children have almost universal access to primary education. Although the net enrolment rate is 98 per cent, approximately half of students are still not acquiring an adequate foundation of knowledge in primary school. In 2016, the Government adopted the new Competency-Based Curriculum, focused on student-centred, participatory teaching…, The second decade of life, Adolescence is a time of risk and vulnerability, but also of peak growth and potential. In Rwanda, many children and teenagers are raised in poor and vulnerable families and communities. Harsh child discipline and domestic violence are still common. Recent studies show that over half of children and young people experience physical, sexual or…, Current and potential emergencies, Rwanda is prone to natural disasters, including droughts, floods, landslides, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. The country also hosts more than 73,000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and 89,500 from Burundi. Over 50 per cent of all refugees in Rwanda are children.  UNICEF continues to respond in humanitarian situations, working…, Learn more about UNICEF's work in Rwanda