Newborn deaths can be prevented with simple and inexpensive interventions. Yet almost 60 percent of children who die under the age of five do so within the first month of life. Preventing newborn deaths requires concerted action at all levels of society – from families and communities to health care workers and governments. UNICEF is supporting countries in South Asia to develop and implement child health action plans which focus on improving the quality of care given to newborns and their mothers around the time of birth.
Out of 23 million under-immunized children in the world, 8 million live in South Asia. The region is lagging behind its elimination targets for polio, measles, maternal and neonatal tetanus and immunisation coverage. Inadequate infrastructure continues to inhibit access to vaccinations. Polio remains endemic in two countries - Afghanistan and Pakistan. UNICEF is dedicated to improving immunisation coverage in South Asia by strengthening health systems. We work with communities to better understand why demand for vaccines is sometimes lacking and what intervention would be most effective to change behaviours. These efforts seek to ensure that all children experience the benefit of vaccines, and that they have the opportunity to survive and thrive.