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South Asia Emergency Fast Facts

© UNICEF/NYHQ2009-1258/Ramoneda
On 25 July, a child stands amid the rubble of destroyed buildings in Sultanwas Village in Buner District in North-West Frontier Province (NWFP). The village was reduced to ruins during the recent fighting.

Afghanistan was founded in 1747. The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian empires until it won independence from notional British control in 1919. Beginning of the sixties, a brief experiment of liberal monarchy ended in 1973 by a coup which established the Republic of Afghanistan, with the support of the Afghan Communist Party. Read more....

One of the world’s most densely populated countries, Bangladesh is home to 159 million people, 40% of them children. Bangladesh became an independent state in 1971 and its political history has seen periods of martial law, military rule and parliamentary democracy. Read more....

India is the world’s seventh-largest country by geographical area and the second-most populous country in the world with an estimated population of 1.2 billion. The country is bordered by Pakistan to the west; the People's Republic of China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. Read more...

Nepal has a population of over 27 million, 16 per cent of whom live in urban areas and 45 per cent of whom are under 18 years old. The country’s geography ranges from the southern lowlands 100 metres above sea level to the high mountains rising over 8,000 metres. Read more...


Children in Pakistan face a variety of serious challenges, including malnutrition and poor access to education and health services. Traditional mores and the influence of extremism contribute to a resistance to girls' education, as well as suspicion of health initiatives such as vaccination. Read more...



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