Children count the cost of attacks on schools in Ukraine

In Ukraine, where hundreds of schools have been damaged or destroyed by the ongoing violence, attacks on civilian areas are endangering children’s lives and their futures.

Ukrainian Children
13 May 2022

It has been nearly two months since classmates Stepan and Yaroslav last stepped foot in their school in Kharkiv. On 23 February, their final lesson was a history class. The next day, the 14-year-old boys woke up not to their alarm clock, but to the sound of explosions.

Ukrainian child
On 18 March 2022 in Kharkiv, northeast Ukraine, 14-year-old Stepan stands in front of what is left of his school, after it was destroyed by shelling in February. “We don’t go to school anymore because we have a war,” he says.
Ukrainian child
On 18 March 2022 in Kharkiv, northeast Ukraine, 14-year-old Yaroslav stands in front of what is left of his school, after it was destroyed by shelling in February. “Our school was burned down,” he says.
School destroyed in Ukraine

Now, the walls of their school – once a grand three-story building with the motto “Success in learning – success in life” inscribed above the entrance –  are black from explosions. Not a single window remains intact and the facade is pockmarked by bullets and shells.

“Now it is very difficult to recognize the building, because before the school was so bright, and now, it’s just black,” says Yaroslav, sadly.

Ukrainian Children

Stepan hardly recognizes his classroom in the charred wreckage: 

“There was a computer room on the second floor, with new computers,” he recalls.

The boys know from teachers that, during the Second World War, the school was turned into a military first aid centre. 

“It survived that war, but not this one,” adds Yaroslav.

Bombed school in Ukraine

Both friends still vividly recall days and nights spent hiding in their basements, waiting for the shelling of Kharkiv to end. 

“It was very loud, there was smoke, it smelled like soot,” says Yaroslav. “Things were burning in the area.”

Stepan remembers the walls shaking and their school coming under fire. 

“Our school was bombed for 12 hours,” he says.

Birthday under fire

The school was destroyed by shelling the day before Stepan’s birthday. 

Instead of celebrating with friends, Stepan had spent the day in the basement, hiding with his family from an air attack. That night, on the evening of his fourteenth birthday, the boy stared out of the window as the flames licked the walls of his school.

“I was feeling extremely sad,” he recalls.

Ukrainian child
Ukrainian Children
When the shelling finally stops and there is no need to hide, Yaroslav and Stepan read, watch movies and do their homework.
Ukrainian child
The ongoing fighting means there is no stable internet available. This prevents the boys from studying online or keeping in touch with teachers.
Ukrainian child
Ukrainian child

The boys dream of the war ending and their school being rebuilt. 

“I would very much like to go to this school again, because I have a lot of memories, a lot of funny stories about it,” says Yaroslav. “We had great teachers and friends there.” 

Ukrainian Children

UNICEF’s focus is to ensure the physical safety and psychological wellbeing of every child.

We are providing protective learning programs, socio-emotional and mental health support, as well as hygiene and educational supplies through ‘Spilno’ (unity) integrated service centres for displaced children and families.

The education response integrates mental health and psychosocial support, as well as explosive ordnance risk education (EORE), targeting children who are most at risk.

UNICEF continues to provide technical support for the ‘All-Ukrainian Schools Online’ platform and the ‘NUMO Online Kindergarten’, as well as curricula-based content development for primary schools and additional learning resources for secondary schools.