The children

Early years

Primary school years



Gender mainstreaming in education

© UNICEF/Pirozzi

The disparity between school enrolment rates of girls and boys, around 1% for grades 1-8, is minute compared with the rural-urban disparity. In line with patterns in many countries, slightly fewer girls enrol in the first grade, while more boys drop out of school over the course of compulsory education.

Gender sensitivity needs improvement, as the education system currently perpetuates the traditional, cultural gender stereotypes that are prevalent in Romanian society. Teachers generally think little of gender perspectives, so are unable to analyse and interpret situations with reference to gender constructions. Textbooks focus on male characters, and the active participation of both girls and boys is not encouraged. Boys and girls are not encouraged to work together in the classroom or socialise together.



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